Radiocarbon Dates from Mesopotamian Sites

The tables below list published radiocarbon dates from Mesopotamian sites (4th-3rd mill. BC). For a comprehensive database of radiocarbon dates for earlier prehistoric periods, see Reading Middle East Radiocarbon Database. Please note that the dates are quoted in uncalibrated format. Calibration of radiocarbon dates can be performed using free, easy to use software available on-line. The most popular calibration programs include:

OxCal (University of Oxford)
BCal (University of Sheffield)

Southern Mesopotamia

SiteLab. no.Date BPErrorPeriodMaterialSource
Abu SalabikhAA.10170476050early Middle UrukCharcoalWright & Rupley 2001
Abu SalabikhAA.10169500560early Middle UrukBarleyWright & Rupley 2001
Abu SalabikhAA.5289478565early Middle UrukSeed/ChaffWright & Rupley 2001
Abu SalabikhAA.5288479060early Middle UrukPlant remainsWright & Rupley 2001
Abu SalabikhAA.10168490050early Middle UrukSeedsWright & Rupley 2001
Abu SalabikhBM-1365393854ED IIIa?Postgate 1977
Abu SalabikhBM-2328R4010130ED IIIaCharcoalBowman et al. 1990
Abu SalabikhBM-1366386956EDIIIaWoodPostgate 1977
Abu SalabikhP-2050485050ED IIIaCharcoalFishman et al. 1977
Abu SalabikhP-2051410060ED IIIaCharcoalFishman et al. 1977
Abu SalabikhP-2052433060ED IIIaCharcoalFishman et al. 1977
Abu SalabikhP-2053439060ED IIIaCharcoalFishman et al. 1977
UrukHD 13041-12713466035Late UrukCharcoalBoehmer 1991
UrukHD 13042-12731469035Late UrukCharcoalBoehmer 1991
Uruk HD 13043-12732467035Late UrukCharcoalBoehmer 1991
UrukUGAMS-12443464030Late UrukWoodvan Ess 2013
UrukUGAMS-12440465025Late UrukCedarvan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12441386025Late UrukPinevan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12442466030Late UrukPine?van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12435498025Late UrukBone Apatite (Sheep/goat)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12436463025Late UrukBone Apatite (Sheep/goat)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12137493025Late UrukBone Apatite (Sheep/goat)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12438454025Late UrukBone Apatite (Sheep/goat)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12439470025Late UrukBone Apatite (Sheep/goat)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20148457020Late UrukCarbonised Straw/Reedvan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20149535030Late UrukCarbonised Straw/Reedvan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20152446020Jemdet NasrReed/Strawvan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20153446020Jemdet NasrPoplarvan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12433463025Late UrukBone Apatite (Sheep/goat)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-12434460025Late UrukBone apatite (Sheep/goat)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20150452020Late UrukPinevan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20151460020Late UrukElmvan Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20154453020Jemdet NasrAsh (unknown material)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20155479025Jemdet NasrAsh (unknown material)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20156499025Jemdet NasrAsh (unknown material)van Ess 2015
UrukUGAMS-20157738030Jemdet NasrAsh (unknown material)van Ess 2015
GirsuUGAMS-8185415030ED I/IICharcoalHritz et al. 2012
NippurP-530467274Late UrukCharcoalStuckenrath 1963
NippurP-803422153ED I/IICharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-801459065ED I/IICharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-798414559ED I/IICharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-800415762ED I/IICharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-820409062ED I/IICharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-819427265ED I/IICharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-807409064ED I/IICharcoal and dirtStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-806434566ED II/IIICharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-804409552ED IIIa/bCharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-805400662ED IIIa/bCharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
NippurP-810407464ED IIIbCharcoalStuckenrath & Ralph 1965
UrBM-763390150EDIIIa/bBoneBarker & Mackey 1961
UrBM-704030150ED IIIa/bBurnt BoneBarker & Mackey 1961
Ur BM-643920150ED IIIa/bBoneBarker & Mackey 1961
KishOxA-28,283390527ED IIIbBoneZaina 2015
KhafajehP-1466598373Late UrukSoilLawn 1973

Khabur Valley

BrakOxA-7544407045EJZ 1-2SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7545410545EJZ 1-2SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7490415545EJZ 2SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7546399045EJZ 2SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-73484730100EJZ 2SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7548415045EJZ 2SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7547411045EJZ 2SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7491439545EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7492409045EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7549411045EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7479404040EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakBM-2511396090EJZ 3Humic AcidsAmbers 2001
BrakBM-1971R3860100EJZ 3SeedsAmbers 2001
BrakBM-2531384050EJZ 3HuminsAmbers 2001
BrakBM-1972R3710100EJZ 3SeedsAmbers 2001
BrakBM-1973R3870100EJZ 3CharcoalAmbers 2001
BrakBeta-110930404050EJZ 3Carbonised SeedsCourty 2011
BrakBeta-125320417040EJZ 3Carbonised SeedsCourty 2011
BrakBM-1760R4240100EJZ 3CharcoalAmbers 2001
BrakBM-1763R3730100EJZ 3SeedsAmbers 2001
BrakBM-1764R3710100EJZ 3SeedsAmbers 2001
BrakBM-2717368050EJZ 3SeedsAmbers 2001
BrakOxA-7483391540EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7484369540EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7485386040EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7481387040EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7480379040EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7489383040EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7482388040EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7488385045EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7486382540EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7487378040EJZ 3SeedsMatthews 2003
BrakOxA-7623381540AkkadianSeedsMatthews 2013
BrakBM-2554399050AkkadianCharcoalAmbers 2001
BrakBM-2556396050AkkadianCharcoalAmbers 2001
BrakBM-2687370080AkkadianCharcoalAmbers 2001
BrakBM-2688378050AkkadianCharcoalAmbers 2001
BrakBM-1970R3820100Post-AkkadianCharcoalAmbers 2001
BrakBM-2555373050Post-AkkadianCharcoalAmbers 2001
LeilanUM-18176580100VIawood, grainSchwartz 1988
LeilanUM-1812470585IVgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanUM-18134735110IIIagrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanUM-1815462585IIIawood, grainSchwartz 1988
LeilanUM-1814489070IIIbgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanN-3899421085IIIbgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanUM-1777409070IIIcgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanUM-3099406060IIIcgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanN-3898407070IIIcgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanN-3897397085IIIcgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanUM-30982870130IIIcgrainSchwartz 1988
LeilanN-3896498080IIIcwoodSchwartz 1988
LeilanBeta-1777409070IIIccarbonised seedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanK-5154385085IIIdcarbonised seedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanK-5158406070IIIdcarbonised seedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanBeta-3099406060IIIcCharred seedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanCAMS-81869407525IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81870406525IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81871407025IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81872406025IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81873407525IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanK-51533870100IIaCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanK-5155407085IIaCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanK-5156409085IIaCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanK-5157414085IIaCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanCAMS-130605381525IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130606383525IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130607385525IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-104161384535IIb3SeedsRistvet 2011
LeilanCAMS-104162384030IIb3SeedsRistvet 2011
LeilanCAMS-130631382025IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130632385025IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130596377025IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130617384020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130618377020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130619379020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131478377520IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131479380020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130620376020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130621380025IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130622382525IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131480376020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131481377020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130611382025IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130612380020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130613381520IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130629383525IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130630385025IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130597374525IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130598376525IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130602381025IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130603381525IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130604382525IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130599377020IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130600379520IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130601378525IIb2SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134347378525IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134348380020IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134349382020IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134350378025IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134351374020IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134352373520IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130623382525IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130624379025IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130625377525IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131482376520IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131483374520IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130626379530IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130627383525IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130628380530IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130608382025IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130609383020IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130610381020IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130633383525IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130634388525IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130635387025IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130636381525IIb1SeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-81861381025IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81862383525IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81863382530IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81864384025IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81865386525IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81866380525IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81867380025IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-81868383030IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2002
LeilanCAMS-134344382520IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134345383020IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-134346380020IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-104154377535IIcSeedsRistvet 2011
LeilanCAMS-104155379035IIcSeedsRistvet 2011
LeilanCAMS-104156376535IIcSeedsRistvet 2011
LeilanCAMS-104157375535IIcSeedsRistvet 2011
LeilanCAMS-130614381520IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130615380020IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-130616376020IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131476383020IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-131477381520IIcSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-144000361025Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142773377025Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-144001370525Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142774368030Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142775362020Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142776370020Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-143997377025Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-144002394025Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142811360525Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142812381020Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-143998378530Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-143999359030Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142813365030Post-IIc or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-104158281030Post-IIc, or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-104159399030Post-IIc, or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-104160387530Post-IIc, or residualSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142814360020Early Khabur WareSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-142815355525Early Khabur WareSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-143995361530Early Khabur WareSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-143996359030Early Khabur WareSeedsWeiss et al. 2012
LeilanCAMS-94333404030IIIdCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94331407035IIIdCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94332406530IIIdCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94335414530IIIdCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94336406535IIIdCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94334404530IIIdCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94325408530IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94326403030IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94327402530IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94330408530IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94329404530IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94328404030IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94324407030IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94322404530IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94323409035IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94319397030IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94321394030IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanCAMS-94320401030IIaCharred SeedsRistvet et al. 2004
LeilanAA7022402065IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA7023402060IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA7025394060IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA7026393060IIaSeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7028400565IIaCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7020393565IIaCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7200390560IIaCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7019396080IIbCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7024391565IIbCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7203385565IIbCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7204378070IIbCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7021374560IIbCharred SeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA7201382565IIb terminalSeedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-8659380575IIb TerminalCharred seedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-8661361075IIb TerminalCharred seedsWeiss et al. 1993
LeilanAA-7202388565IIbCharred seedsWeiss et al. 1993
KhueraKN-5730412040IcCharcoalWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5731398535IcSeedsWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5732410540IcCharcoalWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5733387030IdCharcoalWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5734382530IdCharcoalWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5735397040IcSeeds and charcoalWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5736397540IeCharcoalWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5737396535IcSeeds and charcoalWeninger et al. 2010
KhueraKN-5738390535IcSeedsWeninger et al. 2010
BeydarOxA-10184425540II-IIIaSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarLTL-1074A416350II-IIIaSeedsMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-1070A413145II-IIIaSeedsLebeau 2011
BeydarOxA-10285380040II-IIIaCharcoalLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10170407045II-IIIaSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarLTL-1069A409145IIIa-IIIbSeedsLebeau 2011
BeydarOxA-10232393430IIIa-IIIbSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10150393565IIIa-IIIbSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10157395540IIIa-IIIbSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarLTL-1116A401645IIIa-IIIbCharcoalMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-1113A394545IIIa-IIIbCharcoalMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-1112A394050IIIa-IIIbCharcoalMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-1068A388445IIIa-IIIbSeedsMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-1073A387845IIIa-IIIbSeedsMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-1081A385145IIIa-IIIbCharcoalLebeau 2011
BeydarLTL-1075A392550IIIa-IIIbSeedsLebeau 2011
BeydarLTL-1067A389450IIIbCharcoalMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarOxA-10151397055IIIbCharcoalLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10155396545IIIbCharcoalLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10156391045IIIbSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10171402550IIIbCharcoalLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10158388545IIIbCharcoalLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarLTL-1115A385245IIIbCharcoalMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-1072A390035IIIbSeedsMilano & Rova 2008
BeydarLTL-2956a389535IIIbSeedsLebeau 2011
BeydarLTL-2957a375540IIIbSeedsLebeau 2011
BeydarLTL-2958a375545AkkadianSeedsLebeau 2011
BeydarLTL-1114a380155AkkadianCharcoalLebeau 2011
BeydarLTL-1065a390240AkkadianWoodLebeau 2011
BeydarOxA-10168397045AkkadianSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarOxA-10169385540AkkadianSeedsLebeau & Milano 2003
BeydarLTL-2954A382060AkkadianCharcoalLebeau 2011
BeydarLTL-2955A380080AkkadianCharcoalLebeau 2011
MozanUCl-1454340170Ninevite 5CharcoalBuccellati & Kelly-Buccellati 1995
MozanUCl-144393060EDCharcoalBuccellati & Kelly-Buccellati 1995
Raqa'iUte-822402090Ninevite 5SeedsCurvers & Schwatrz 1990
Raqa'iUte-823402070Ninevite 5SeedsCurvers & Schwatrz 1990
KazaneAA-68981393941EDSeedsCreekmore 2008
KazaneAA-68983391144EDWood?Creekmore 2008
KazaneAA-68982395844EDSeedsCreekmore 2008
KermaOxA-2082423070Ninevite 5?Charred SeedsSaghieh 1991
KermaOxA-2083410070Ninevite 5?Wood CharcoalSaghieh 1991
ZiyadehAA-30483421050Ninevite 5SeedsHole 2001
ZiyadehAA-30484444550Ninevite 5SeedsHole 2001
ZiyadehAA-30486441550Ninevite 5SeedsHole 2001
ZiyadehAA-30485438550Ninevite 5SeedsHole 2001
KuranBeta 75959471060Late Uruk?Hole 2001
KuranAA30487 462570Late Uruk?Hole 2001

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