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The Cylinders of Gudea
Artifact: Clay cylinders (and fragments)
Provenience: Girsu, modern Tello
Period: Lagash II (ca. 2200-2100 BC)
Current location: Louvre Museum, Paris (MNB 1511a, b, MNB 1514a, NB 1395 + MNB 1514c + MNB 1514f + MNB 1514h, MNB 1514d, MNB 1514i, MNB 1514cbis, MNB 1514b, AO 06953 + AO 06952 + MNB 1514g, )
Text genre, language: Royal/Monumental; Sumerian
Description: A pair of almost complete large clay cylinders and 10 unplaced fragments containing a hymn to the temple of Ningirsu. Following a mythological introduction, Cylinder A describes the dream omens received by the ruler Gudea and his quest for an interpretation. The dreams are revealed as divine instructions for the construction of a new temple to Ningirsu in Girsu. The remainder of Cylinder A details the construction of the temple. Cylinder B describes the consecration of the temple and the investment of different deities into it. (Jacob L. Dahl, University of Oxford)
lineart: TCL 8
Edition(s): Römer, Willem h. Ph. 2010: Die Zylinderinschriften Von Gudea (alter orient und altes testament, 376; münster: ugarit-Verlag); Wilson, J.E. 1996: The cylinders of Gudea : transliteration, translation and index (alter orient und altes testament, 244; Kevelaer / neukirchen-Vluyn: Verlag Butzon & Bercker ; neukirchener Verlag); Edzard, D.O. 1997: Gudea and his dynasty (the royal inscriptions of mesopotamia. early periods; v. 3/1; toronto: university of toronto Press); Averbeck, R.E. 1987: A preliminary study of ritual and structure in the cylinders of Gudea (unpublished Phd).