Eblaite

Ebla, located approximately 55km from Aleppo in Syria, was a prominent site throughout the third millennium. It is the only site of its kind in this region to show levels of urbanisation equal to any Early Dynastic period city in southern Mesopotamia. The city was culturally autonomous, being far away from Sumer, and showed a historical and cultural continuity with earlier periods. Despite being culturally autonomous, the city had adopted the cuneiform writing system of southern Mesopotamia and used it to write its own language, now known as Eblaite. The extensive archives found at Ebla point to a very early adoption of the cuneiform script, and therefore cast doubt on the extent to which their literary material was influenced by Mesopotamia. A large number of religious texts at Ebla have parallels in Mesopotamia, but others written primarily in Eblaite have no attested counterparts and feature geographic references and divine names that indicate a distinctly Syrian milieu.

Sign Lists and Syllabaries

P. Fronzaroli. (1990). Miscellanea eblaitica: Il sillabario della quarta fonte della lista lessicale bilingue eblaita. Dipartimento di linguistica, Università di Firenze.

M, Krebernik. (1982). "Zu Syllabar und Orthographie der lexikalischen Texte aus Ebla. Teil 1." Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und vorderasiatische Archäologie, 72(2), 178-236.

Bibliography

E. Arcari, “Sillabario di Ebla e ED LU A; rapporti intercorrenti tra le due liste”, OA 22, 1983, 167-178.

A. Archi, “The 'Sign-List' from Ebla”, in Eblaitica 1, pp. 91-113.

A. Archi, “Gli Archivi di Ebla: amministrazione e scrittura nella Mesopotamia del III millennio”, in G.R. Cardona, ed., Sulle tracce della scrittura, Bologna 1986, pp. 19-24.

A. Archi, “Minima eblaitica I”, ABU 1988/24.

M. Bonechi, “PIRIG/PEŠ2/GIR3.ZA e la scomposizione dei segni composti ad Ebla”, in ME 1, pp. 173-82.

M. Bonechi, “Su LAK-39 e LAK-40 nei testi di Elba”, in ME 4, pp. 139-151.

G. Buccellati, “Studies in Ebla Graphemics I”, SEb 5, 1982, 39-74.

G. Buccellati, “The Ebla Electronic Corpus: Graphemic Analysis”, AAAS 40, 1990, 8-26.

M. Civil, “Bilingualism in Logographically Written Languages: Sumerian in Ebla”, in BaE, pp. 75-98.

M. Civil, “The Sign LAK 384”, Or 52, 1983, 233-240.

M. Civil, “NE = šarx”, ABU 1988/42.

G. Conti, “Il sillabario della quarta fonte della lista lessicale bilingue eblaita” (QuSem 17), Firenze 1990 [BO 52, 1995, 713-716 (B.R. Foster)].

F. D’Agostino, “On the Reading /gub/ of the Sign /DU/ in Ebla”, #ABU 1993/75.

F. D’Agostino, “A proposito di ‘pseudo-logogrammi’ nella grafia eblaita”, #ABU 1996/58.

M. Dahood, “The Equivalents of EMEL-BAL in th Eblaitic Bilinguals”, OA 20, 1981, 191-194.

H.T. Frank, “Epigraphic Evidence from Ebla: a Summary”, BA 43, 1980, 200-201.

P. Fronzaroli, “Une nouvelle valeur de BAD à Ebla”, #ABU 1991/50.

P. Fronzaroli, “Le signe 73 de la 'Sign List' d'Ebla”, #ABU 1992/59.

P. Fronzaroli, “Niveaux de langue dans les graphies eblaites”, in Fs. Leslau I, pp. 462-476.

C.H. Gordon, “A Response to W.G. Lambert”, in Eblaitica 2, pp. 145-146.

M. Krebernik, “Zur Lesung einiger frühdynastischer Inschriften aus Mari”, ZA 74, 1984, 164-167.

M. Krebernik, “Ein Lautwert šar des Zeichens NE in Ebla?”, ZA 74, 1984, 168-169.

M. Krebernik, “Zur Entwicklung der Keilschrift im III. Jahrtausend anhand der Texte aus Ebla”, AfO 32, 1985, 53-59.

J. Krecher, “Sumerogramme und syllabische Ortographie in den Texten aus Ebla”, in LdE, pp. 135-154.

J. Krecher, “Eine unorthographische sumerische Wortliste aus Ebla”, OA 22, 1983, 179-186.

J. Krecher, “IGI+LAK-527, gleichbedend zu GIŠ.EREN; LAK 647”, MARI 5, 1987, 623-625.

J. Krecher, “DU-kux(-r), 'eintreten', 'hineinbringen'“, ZA 77, 1987, 7-21.

H. Limet, “Problèmes de graphie et de phonologie”, in ARES 1, Roma 1988, pp. 35-43.

P. Mander, “Lista dei segni dei testi lessicali di Ebla”, in MEE 3, pp. 285-382.

P. Mander, “Designs on the Fara, Abu Salabikh and Ebla Tablets”, AIO# 55, 1995, 18-29.

L. Milano, “NI = 'ax nel sillabario di Ebla”, SEb 7, 1984, 213-225.

G. Pettinato, “Die Lesung von AN.IM.DUGUD.MUŠEN nach einem Ebla-Text”, JCS 31, 1979, 116-117.

G. Pettinato, “La pronunzia sumerica dei numeri da 1 a 10 in un testo lessicale di Ebla”, AIO 41, 1981, 141-143.

S.A. Picchioni, “La direzione della scrittura cuneiforme e gli archivi di Tell Mardikh-Ebla”, Or 49, 1980, 225-251.

S.A. Picchioni, “Osservazioni sulla paleografia e sulla cronologia dei testi di Ebla”, in LdE, pp. 109-120.

S.A. Picchioni, “Le varianti sumeriche delle liste bilingui di Ebla”, in BaE, pp. 295-308.

J.H. Platt, “Notes on Ebla Graphemics”, VO 7, 1988, 245-246.

J.H. Platt, J.M. Pagan, “Orthography and Onomastics Computer Applications in Ebla Language Study”, AAAS 40, 1990, 27-38.

F. Pomponio, “La lettura del segno ERÉN+x”, AIO# 40, 1980, 549-553.

F. Pomponio, “Peculiarità della grafia dei termini semitici nei testi amministrativi di Ebla”, in BaE, pp. 309-317.

E. Sollberger, “Notes sur la paléographie des textes d'Ebla”, SEb 5, 1982, 221-228.

P. Steinkeller, “The Value dab6 in Old Akkadian”, RA 78, 1984, 85-86.

P. Steinkeller, “More on Ha-LAM = Ha-labx”, #ABU 1993/10.

P. van Huÿssteen, “Das Zeichen GAM3/KAM4x in den Eblaitischen Personennamen”, in WGE, pp. 225-229.

H. Waetzoldt, “Keilschrift und Schulen in Mesopotamien und Ebla”, in L. Kriss-Rettenbeck, M. Liedtke, Hrgs., Erziehungs- und Unterrichtsmethoden im historischen Wandel, München 1986, pp. 36-50.

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