Exhortation

Terminating a letter we often find an exhortation. These concluding remarks, aimed at implementing the wish of the sender, can be rather elaborate compared to the otherwise rigid nature of Ur III letters. In the following all exhortations from the Ur III letters have been collected, and sorted.

General exhortation for prompt response to the letter:

'"It is urgent" (literary "it is a flood") /amaru-ak-am/:'

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 280 = YBC 11130 = Letters 218 [a]-ma-ru-kam / [na]-mi-gur-re
UET 3, 0003 = TCS 1 100 a-ma-ru-a-ka / nam-˹mi˺-gur-re / a-˹ba*˺ [šeš]-˹mu*˺-gim
BiOr 26 175 HSM 1800 a-ma-ru-kam
TCS 1, 133 = HTS 115 a-ma-ru-kam
Ontario 2, 493 a-ma-ru-kam / na-mi-gur-re
TCS 1, 199 = NBC 06458 = Letters 200 a-ma-ru-kam / na-mi-gur-re
SAT 3, 2172 = YBC 1445 a-ma-ru-kam / u4-da sa2 he2-e (OR: di he2-e)
UET 3, 7 = TCS 1, 95 a-ma-ru-kam / ˹ul4˺-la-bi
TCS 1, 168 a-ma-ru-um
BiOr 26, 175 HSM 1800 = Letters 239 a-mu-ru-kam / ul4-la-bi
TSU 010 = TCS 1, 244 [ul4]-˹la˺-bi / ˹na˺-mi-[gur-re] / [a]-ma-ru-[kam]
MVN 3, 351 na-mi-gur-re / a-[ba šeš]-˹mu˺-gim / a-ma-ru-kam
MVN 06, 429 = ITT 4, 7450 = TCS 1 143 Letters 158 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam / a-ba šeš-mu-ke4
UET 3, 3 = TCS 1 100 a-ma-ru-a-ka / nam-˹mi˺-gur-re / a-˹ba*˺ [šeš]-˹mu*˺-gim
TCS 1, 150 = M.A.R.I 5 627 = Letters 078 e-ma-ru-kam / lugal-mu? inim-bi / ha-mu-tar2-re
TCS 1, 312 = Letters 081 a-ma-ru-kam / a2-ag2-˹ga2˺ lugal-[kam] / na-mi-gur#-[re]
TCS 1, 130 = HTS 106 = Letters 082 a-ma-ru-kam / inim e2-gal-kam / inim-gar-bi nu-mu-tumu3
YOS 4, 137 = TCS 1 283 a-ma-ru-kam / inim ugula-kam
NATN 770 na-mi-gur-re / a-˹ma-x˺ […]
ITT 5, 6975 = TCS 1, 087 = Letters 234 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
TCS 1, 44 = Ni 0195 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
TCS 1, 124 = NATN 807= Letters 175 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
TCS 1, 198 = NBC 06638 = Letters 199 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
NATN 506 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
YOS 04, 120 = TCS 1, 096 gu2-na-kam / a-ma-ru-kam
TCS 1, 290 = UIOM 464 = Letters 148 a-ma-ru-kam / na-mu-nigin (=NIGIN2.NIGIN2)
TCS 1, 32 = Letters 133 a-ma-ru-kam / ul4-la-bi / he2-ma-gub

'"It is an express message" /kas4 he2-am3/:'

Text ID Exhortation
MCS 3 1 2 HSM 6339 = TCS 1 252 kas4 he2-am3-e

'With reference to the passing of days:'

'"The day must not pass" /u4 na-immi-b-zal-e/ or /u4 nu-mu-zal-e/:'

Text ID Exhortation
ITT 2, 3418 = TCS 1 29 = Letters 220 u4 na-bi2-ib2-zal-e
TCS 1, 170 = BM 24879 u4 na-bi2-ib2-zal-e / nam-mi-gur-re
ITT 3, 6176 = TCS 1 025 u4 na-bi2-zal-e
TCS 1, 113 = BM 14238 = Letters 235 inim ensi2-kam / u4 nu-mu-zal-e

'"quickly" /ul4-a-bi/:'

Text ID Exhortation
TSU 10 = RIAA 135 = TCS 1 244 [ul4]-la#-bi / na#-mi-[gur-re] / [a]-ma-ru-[kam]
YOS 4, 233 = TCS 1, 9 ul4-la-bi
TRU 4 = TCS 1, 136 ul4-la-bi / [a]-ma-ru-kam
UET 3, 7 = TCS 1, 95 a-ma-ru-kam / ul4#-la-bi
BiOr 26, 175 HSM 1800 = JCS 28 167 4 = Letters 239 a-mu-ru-kam / ul4-la-bi
TCS 1, 238 ul4-la-bi zi ib2-ir
PDT 2, 1312 a-ba šeš-mu-gim / ul4-la-bi […]
TCS 1, 32 = Letters 133 a-ma-ru-kam / ul4-la-bi / he2-ma-gub
Invocation of familial allegiance:

'"Who is like my brother?" /aba šeš-mu-gim/:'

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 132 = YOS 15, 99 = Letters 166 a-ba šeš-mu-gim
TMH NF 1-2 354 = TCS 1 139 a-ba šeš-mu-gim
YOS 04, 114 = TCS 1 235 a-ba šeš-mu-gim
Nisaba 09, 268 = BM 108210 a-ba-šeš-mu#-gim
PDT 2, 1312 a-ba šeš-mu-gim / ul4-la-bi […]
TCS 1, 346 = Letters 217 a-ba šeš-mu-gim / na-mi-gur-re
BPOA 1, 0303 = BM 102147 a-ba-šeš-mu-gim / na-mi-gur-re
MVN 03 351 na-mi-gur-re / a-[ba šeš]-mu#-gim / a-ma-ru-kam
MVN 03 332 = Letters 226 na-mi-gur-re a-ba šeš-mu-gim
TCS 1, 200 na-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-mu-gim
TCL 2 5610 = TCS 1 287 nam-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-mu-gim
MVN 6, 429 = ITT 4 07450 = TCS 1 143 Letters 158 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam / a-ba šeš-mu-ke4
UET 3, 3 = TCS 1, 100 a-ma-ru-a-ka / nam-mi#-gur-re / a-ba*# [šeš]-mu*#-gim
TCS 1, 131 = HTS 105 = Letters 152 na-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-mu-gim / szesz-mu-me-en3! silim-mu (=ŠA)

'"Who is like my big-brother-God?"'

Text ID Exhortation
BM 108107 na-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-gal dingir-mu-gim

'"Who is like my mother?":'

Text ID Exhortation
ITT 3 06511 = TCS 1 054 = Letters 127 nam-mi-gur-[re] / a-ba ama-[mu-gim]] }

'"Because of me" /bar-mu-še/ /ki-mu-še/ /mu-mu-še/:'

Letters 178 = BM 18583 bar-mu-še3 šu he-ba-re
ki-mu-še3
mu-mu-še3
Invocation of a higher authority:

"It is the order of the king" /inim lugal-ak-am/:

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 2 = BM 134634 = Letters 083 inim lugal-kam
TCS 1, 171 = BM 27833 = Letters 092 inim lugal-kam
Letters 80 = BM 21700 nig2-ba lugal-kam
TCS 1, 150 = M.A.R.I 5 627 = Letters 078 e-ma-ru-kam / lugal-mu? inim-bi / ha-mu-tar2-re

"It is the instructions of the king" /a-ag-a lugal-ak-am/:

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 312 = Letters 081 a-ma-ru-kam / a2-ag2-ga2# lugal-[kam] / na-mi-gur#-[re]] }

"It is the order of the palace":

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1 130 = HTS 106 = Letters 082 a-ma-ru-kam / inim e2-gal-kam / inim-gar-bi nu-mu-tumu3

"It is the order of the governor" /inim ensi-kam/:

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 247 inim ensi2-[kam]
SNAT 222 = Letters 116 inim ensi2-ka
ITT 5 06766 = TCS 1 248 inim ensi2-kam
TCS 1, 334 = BM 14755 = ASJ 02,03 2 inim ensi2-kam
MVN 4, 182 = Letters 209 inim ensi2-ka-ta-am3
TCS 1, 113 = BM 14238 = Letters 235 inim ensi2-kam / u4 nu-mu-zal-e

Other officials:

Text ID Exhortation
ITT 2, 4145 = TCS 1 063 inim PISAN-dub-ba-kam
TCS 1, 230 = BM 25413 = Letters 086 inim sukkal-mah-kam
JCS 28 167 3 = Letters 212 na-mi-gur-re# / inim šabra-kam?
YOS 4, 137 = TCS 1 283 a-ma-ru-kam / inim ugula-kam

Ones own personal authority, "my command has been given to him"

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 161 inim-mu ba-na-sum-am3
YOS 4, 115 = TCS 1 080 = Letters 170 lu2 na-me inim nu-un-ga2-ga2
Clause against complaints:

"It shall not come up agin" /na-immi-gur-e/:

Text ID Exhortation
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 220 10 = BM 22029 na-mi-gur-e
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 204 = HTS 107 na-mi-gur-e
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ YOS 04 138 = TCS 1 035 na-mi-gur-e
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 221 13 = BM 23369 na-mi-gur-e
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 218 03 = BM 16056 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 219 06 = BM 19452 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 221 14 = BM 24103 na-mi-gur-re#
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 222 17 = BM 24478 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 223 21 = BM 25383 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 228 40 = BM 29745 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ HUCA 29 099 21 = TCS 1 270 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 3 05407 = TCS 1 226 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 3 06525 = TCS 1 176 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 3 06611 = TCS 1 098 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ JCS 17 32 Indiana Un. = TCS 1 041 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ JCS 24 133 (4?) (Tablet) = Letters 121 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ JCS 24 135 = BM111374 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ NATN 938 = OrNS 40,393 7 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ OrAnt. 07 169 02 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 021 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 027 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 046 = Letters 126 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 060 = BM107086 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 069 = BM 25353 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 078 = BM 21522 = Letters 169 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 105 = MAH 16279 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 106 = BM 82754 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 201 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 202 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 211 = BM 14951 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 213 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 231 = BM 25368 = Letters 195 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 267 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 285 = Ni 1010 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ UCP 9-2-2 072 = TCS 1 271 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ YOS 04 128 = TCS 1 209 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ YOS 04 143 = TCS 1 018 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TD (Trouvaille) 089 = TCS 1 320 = TSDU 05 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ OA 07, 169 2 HOS 87 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 5 09299 = TCS 1 284 (OA 07 176 14) na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ UDT 033 = TCS 1 102 = Letters 172 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 01 253 = Letters 216 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 221 13 = BM 23369 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 345 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ JRAS 1939 619 = TCS 1 354 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ JCS 24 136 = Letters 103 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ BiOr. 26 174 BM 130705 = Letters 100 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ Aleppo 092 = Letters 109 na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 5 06931 = TCS 1 122 [na(m)]-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 059 = Ni 0474 [na]-mi#-gur-re!
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 4 07741 = TCS 1 167 (MVN 07 140) na#-mi-gur-re!
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 5 06999 = TCS 1 331 na#-[mi-gur-re]
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 15 366 = Letters 164 na#-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 222 16 = BM 24122 na-NE-gur#-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 049 = BM 25205 = Letters 163 nam-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 03 352 = Letters 215 na-bi2-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 18 572 na-mi-[gur-re]
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 165 = BM 14745 = Letters 088 na-mi-gur-re (erased)
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 14 107 = TCS 1 350 na-mi#-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 5 06955 = TCS 1 024 na-mi-gu2-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ UCP 9-2-2 018 = TCS 1 296 = Letters 221 na-mi-gu2-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ YOS 04 147 = TCS 1 091 na-mi-gu2-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ BBVO 11 271 6N-T119 na-mi-gur#
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 15 375 = Letters 229 na-mi-gur#-[re]
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 328 [na-mi-gur]-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ NATN 770 (?) na-mi-gur-re / a-ma#-x# […]
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 5 06975 = TCS 1 087 = Letters 234 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 044 = Ni 0195 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 124 = NATN 807= Letters 175 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 198 = NBC 06638 = Letters 199 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ NATN 506 (?) na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 280 = YBC 11130 = Letters 218 [a]-ma-ru-kam / [na]-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ UET 3 0003 = TCS 1 100 a-ma-ru-a-ka / nam-mi#-gur-re / a-ba*# [šeš]-mu*#-gim
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ Ontario 2 249 (unpubl.) a-ma-ru-kam / na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 199 = NBC 06458 = Letters 200 a-ma-ru-kam / na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 170 = BM 24879 u4 na-bi2-ib2-zal-e / nam-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ RIAA 135 = TCS 1 244 [ul4]-la#-bi / na#-mi-[gur-re] / [a]-ma-ru-[kam]
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 134 = CBS 1510 [lu2]-zu [na]-mi#-gur-re [mu] lugal in-na-pa3
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 346 = Letters 217 a-ba šeš-mu-gim / na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ BM 102147 (unpubl.) a-ba-šeš-mu-gim / na-mi-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 03 351 na-mi-gur-re / a-[ba šeš]-mu#-gim / a-ma-ru-kam
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MVN 03 332 = Letters 226 na-mi-gur-re a-ba šeš-mu-gim
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 200 na-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-mu-gim
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCL 2 5610 = TCS 1 287 nam-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-mu-gim
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 4 07450 = TCS 1 143 Letters 158 na-mi-gur-re / a-ma-ru-kam / a-ba šeš-mu-ke4
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ UET 3 0003 = TCS 1 100 a-ma-ru-a-ka / nam-mi#-gur-re / a-ba*# [šeš]-mu*#-gim
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 131 = HTS 105 = Letters 152 na-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-mu-gim / šeš-mu-me-en3! silim-mu (=szA)
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ BM 108107 na-mi-gur-re / a-ba šeš-gal dingir-mu-gim
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ ITT 3 06511 = TCS 1 054 = Letters 127 nam-mi-gur-[re] / a-ba ama-[mu-gim]
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ JCS 28 167 3 = Letters 212 na-mi-gur-re# / inim šabra-kam?
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 177 = MAH 16278 = Letters 090 na-mi-gur-re / gu2-na-kam

"The word shall not come up again" /dug-a na-immi-b-gur-e/ or /inim-bi na-immi-b-gur-e/:

Text ID Exhortation
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ MCS 3 2 4 HSM 6337 = TCS 1 255 du11-ga na-mi-ib-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 175 du11-ga nam-mi-ib2-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ TCS 1 154 inim#-bi na-mi-ib2-gur-re
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ AuOr 17-18 222 15 = BM 24108 inim-bi na-ba?-ab-gur-re

"It shall not come up agin, he shall not receive this tablet"

Text ID Exhortation
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ Letters 181 = BM 21684 na-mi-gur-re / dub-ba-ni šu na-ba-ši-ib2-ti

"Although the seal has not been rolled, It shall not come up agin"

Text ID Exhortation
http://cdli.ucla.edu/ YOS 04 134 = TCS 1 305 = Letters 192 mu kišib3 nu-ub-ra-sze3 na-mi-ib2-gur-e
Misc.:

"It is on his neck" /gu-ani-ak-am/:

Text ID Exhortation
YOS 4, 120 = TCS 1 96 gu2-na-kam / a-ma-ru-kam
TCS 1, 177 = MAH 16278 = Letters 90 na-mi-gur-re / gu2-na-kam

"… it shall not return":

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 290 = UIOM 464 = Letters 148 a-ma-ru-kam / na-mu-nigin (=NIGIN2.NIGIN2)

"…. Let him be at my service"

TCS 1, 32 = Letters 133 a-ma-ru-kam / ul4-la-bi / he2-ma-gub

“Swearing by the name / life of the king"

zi lugal in-na-an-pad3
Akkadian exhortations in Ur III letters:

Corresopnding to …

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 371 = Letters 206 a#-pu-tum [la] tu#-ma-su2

Corresponding to /inim/du(g)-a na-immi-b-gur-e/:

Text ID Exhortation
ASJ 12 54 = Letters 155 a-wa-tum la i3-tu-ra-am

Corresponding to /aba šeš-mu-gim/:

Text ID Exhortation
TIM 2, 91 ma-nu-um-ki a-hi-a

Corresopnding to …

Text ID Exhortation
TCS 1, 370 = NBC 5378 = Letters 153 mi-nu-um aš-ta2-na-pa2-ra-ma la tu3-ša-ba-lam

Corresopnding to …

Text ID Exhortation
OrNS 40, 398 = Letters 118 šu-ip-ra-am lu-de6-e

Return to Ur III Letters

exhortation.txt · Last modified: 2014/05/12 19:39 (external edit)
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