Resources for seals and sealings

Physical seals catalogues

Large Catalogues

Amiet, Pierre. 1972. Glyptique susienne, Volume 1 – 2 (= Mémoires de la Délégation Archaéologique en Iran 43; Paris.

Buchanan, B. 1981. Early Near Eastern Seals in the Yale Babylonian Collection. New Haven: Yale University Press.

1966. Catalogue of Ancient Near Eastern Seals in the Ashmolean Museum, Volume 1: Cylinder Seals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Buchanan, B. and Moorey, P. R. S. 1988. Catalogue of Ancient Near Eastern Seals in the Ashmolean Museum, Volume 3: The Iron Age Stamp Seals (c. 1200-350 B.C.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

1984. Catalogue of Ancient Near Eastern Seals in the Ashmolean Museum, Volume 2: Prehistoric Stamp Seals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Collon, D. 2001. Catalogue of the Western Asiatic Seals in the British Museum: Cylinder Seals, Vol. V. London: British Museum Publications.

1986. Catalogue of the Western Asiatic Seals in the British Museum: Cylinder Seals, Vol III. London: British Museum Publications.

1982. Catalogue of the Western Asiatic Seals in the British Museum: Cylinder Seals, Vol. II. London: British Museum Publications.

Delaporte, L. 1923. Catalogue des cylindres, cachets et pierres gravées de style oriental. 2: Acquisitions. Paris: Hachette.

1920. Catalogue des cylindres, cachets et pierres gravées de style oriental. 1: Fouilles et missions. Paris: Hachette.

1910. Catalogue des cylindres orientaux et des cachets assyro-babyloniens, perses et syro-cappadociens de la Bibliothéque nationale. Paris.

Hammade, H. 1994. Cylinder Seals From the Collections of the Aleppo Museum, Syrian Arab Republic, Vol. 2: Seals of Known Provenance. Oxford: Tempus Reparatum.

1987. Cylinder Seals From the Collections of the Aleppo Museum, Syrian Arab Republic, Vol. 2: Seals of Unknown Provenience. Oxford: B.A.R.

Keel-Leu, H. and Teissier, B. 2004. Die vorderasiatischen Rollsiegel der Sammlungen «Bibel+Orient» der Universität Freiburg Schweiz. Fribourg: Academic Press.

Kist, J. 2003. Ancient Near Eastern Seals from the Kist Collection: Three Millennia of Miniature Reliefs. Leiden: Brill.

Le Brun, A. 1978. "La glyptique du niveau 17B de l’acropole (campagne de 1972). " Cahiers de la D.A.F.I. (CahDAFI) Paris.

Mitchell, T.C. and Searight, A. 2008. Catalogue of the Western Asiatic Seals in the British Museum. Stamp Seals III. Impressions of Stamp Seals on Cuneiform Tablets, Clay Bullae, and Jar Handles. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Merrillees, P. H. 2005. Catalogue of the Western Asiatic Seals in the British Museum: Cylinder Seals, Vol. VI. London: British Museum Publications.

1990. Cylinder and Stamp Seals in Australian Collections. Victoria, Australia: Victoria College Press.

Møller, E. 1992. Ancient Near Eastern Seals in a Danish Collection. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press.

Moorey, P. R. S., and Gurney, O. R. 1978. ‘Ancient Near Eastern Cylinder Seals Acquired by the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 1963-1973’. Iraq 40. No. 1: 41-60.

Porada, E. 1947. Mesopotamian Art in Cylinder Seals of the Pierpont Morgan Library. New York: Pierpont Morgan Library.

Porada, E., with Buchanan, B. 1948. Corpus of Ancient Near Eastern Seals in North American Collections: The Collection of the Pierpont Morgan Library (2 volumes). Washington, D.C.: Bollingen Foundation.

Teissier, B. 1984. Ancient Near Eastern Cylinder Seals From the Marcopoli Collection Berkeley, California: University of California Press.

Von der Osten, H.H. 1934. Ancient Oriental Seals in the Collection of Mr. Edward T. Newell. OIP Vol. XXII. Chicago. Ward, W. H. 1909. Cylinders and Other Ancient Oriental Seals in the Library of J. Pierpont Morgan, Catalogued. New York: privately printed.

Wiseman, D. J. 1962. Catalogue of the Western Asiatic Seals in the British Museum: Cylinder Seals, Vol. I. London: Trustees of the British Museum.

Small Catalogues

Beck, P. 1977. 'The Cylinder Seals' Tombs Near the Persian Garden. Ben-Arieh, S. And Edelstein, G. Atiqot English Series 12. 63-9.

Ben-Tor, A. 1978. Cylinder Seals of Third-Millenium Palestine. Cambridge, Massachusetts: American Schools of Oriental Research.

Bleibtreu, E. 1981. Rollsiegel aus dem Vorderen Orient. Zur Steinschneidekunst zwischen etwa 3200 und 400 vor Christus nach Beständen in Wien und Graz. Sonderausstellung der Ägyptisch-Orientalischen Sammlung im Münzkabinett des Kunsthistorischen Museums in Wien. Wien: Verlag für Vorderasiatische Archäologie.

Collon, D. 1982. The Alalakh Cylinder Seals: A New Catalogue of the Actual Seals Excavated by Sir Leonard Woolley at Tell Atchana, and From Neighbouring Sites on the Syrian-Turkish Border. Oxford: B.A.R.

De Clercq, L. and Menant, J. 1888. Collection de Clercq : catalogue méthodique et raisonné : antiquités assyriennes, cylindres orientaux, cachets, briques, bronzes, bas-reliefs, etc.Paris.

Delaporte, L. Catalogue du Musée Guimet - cylindres orientaux. (Annales du Musée Guimet 33). Paris.

Deutsch, R. and A. Lemaire 2000. Biblical Period Personal Seals in the Shlomo Moussaieff Collection. Archaeological Center Publications: Tell Aviv, Israel.

Eisen, G.A. 1940. Ancient Oriental Cylinder and Other Seals with a Description of the Collection of Mrs. William H. Moore. OIP vol. XLVII. Chicago.

Frankfort, H. 1955. Stratified Cylinder Seals From the Diyala Region. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Glock, A. 1988. Minuscule Monuments of Ancient Art: Catalogue of Near Eastern Stamp and Cylinder Seals Collected by Virginia E. Bailey in Memory of Katherine J. Hammersley. Madison, New Jersey: New Jersey Museum of Archaeology at Drew University.

Gordon, C. 1939. 'Western Asiatic seals in the Walters Art Gallery'. Iraq 6. 3-34.

Kjærum, P. 1983. Failaka/Dilmun : The Second Millennium Settlements, Vol.1:1, The Stamp and Cylinder Seals: Plates and Catalogue Descriptions. Moesgård, Aarhus: Jysk Arkæologisk Selskab.

Lambert, W.G. 1979. 'Near Eastern seals in the Gulbekian Museum of Oriental Art, University of Durham'. Iraq 41. 1-45.

Legrain, L. 1951. Seal Cylinders. (Ur Excavations X) London and Philadelphia.

Mazzoni, S. 1972. 'Sigilli cilindrici dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli'. Annali dell'istituto Orientale di Napoli 32. 417-51.

Meijer, D. J. W. 1978. Mesopotamian Cylinder Seals in the Allard Pierson Museum, Amsterdam. Leiden: S.N.

Merrillees, P.H. 1990. Cylinder and Stamp Seals in Australian Collections. Victoria College Archaeology Research Unit Occasional Paper No. 3. Victoria College Press: Australia.

Moorey, P.R.S. and Gurney, O.R. 1978. 'Ancient Near Eastern cylinder seals acquired by the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1963-73'. Iraq 40. 41-60.

Moortgat-Correns, U. 1955. 'Altorientalische Rollsiegel in der Staatlichen Münzsammlung München'. Münchener Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst6. 7-27.

Munn-Rankin, J.M. 1959. 'Ancient Near Eastern seals in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge'. Iraq 21. 20-37.

Noveck, M. 1975. The Mark of Ancient Man: Ancient Near Eastern Stamp Seals and Cylinder Seals, The Gorelick Collection. New York: Brooklyn Museum.

Ravn, O. E. 1960. A Catalogue of Oriental Cylinder Seals and Seal Impressions in the Danish National Museum. Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet.

Thorn, B. and Collon, D. 2013. "Dr. Lee's Collection of Cylinder Seals" Iraq LXXV, 119-142.

Van Buren, E. D. 1959. Catalogue of the Ugo Sissa Collection of Stamp and Cylinder Seals of Mesopotamia. Rome: S.N.

1940. The Cylinder Seals of the Pontifical Biblical Institute. Rome: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum.

Williams-Forte, E. 1976. Ancient Near Eastern Seals: A Selection of Stamp and Cylinder Seals From the Collection of Mrs William H. Moore. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Technological Studies

Gorelick, L. 1986. 'Further investigation of the method of manufacture of an ancient Near Eastern artefact'. Iraq 48. 15-18.

1983. 'Ancient Egyptian stone-drilling'. Expedition Spring. 40-47.

1981. 'Functional analysis of drilling using scanning electron microscopy'. Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli 41. 327-33.

1981. 'Close work without magnifying lenses? - A hypothetical explanation for the ability of ancient craftsmen to effect minute detail'. Expedition winter 27-34.

1975. ‘Near Eastern cylinder seals studied with dental radiography‘. Dental Radiography and Photography, v. 48, no. 1: 17-21.

Gorelick, L.and Gwinnett, A.J. 1978. 'Ancient seals and modern science - Using the scanning electron microscope as an aid in the study of ancient seals'. Expedition winter. 38-47.

Kenoyer, J.M. and Vidale, M. 1992. 'A new look at stone drills of the Indus Valley tradition'. Materials Research Society Symposium. 495-518.

Lahanier, C. 1976. 'Note sur l'emploi de l'heulandite et de la mordénite dans la fabrication de sceaux cylindres proto-élamite'. Annales du Laboratoire de Recherche des Musées de France. 65-6.

Lambert, W.G. 'The training of a seal-cutter'. Revue d'Assyriologie 73. 89.

Mahrzahn, J. 1997. ‘Der «Siegelschneider» nach keilschriftlichen Quellen’. In Mit Sieben Siegeln versehen: Das Siegel in Wirtschaft und Kunst des Alten Orients. Ed. E. Klengel-Brandt. Berlin: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum.

Sax, M. 1991. ‘Innovative Technqiues Used to Decorate the Perforations of Some Akkadian Rock Crystal Cylinder Seals’. Iraq, 53: 91-95.

Sax, M., Collon, D., and Leese, M. N. 1993. ‘The Availability of Raw Materials for near Eastern Cylinder Seals during the Akkadian, Post Akkadian and Ur III Periods’. Iraq, 55: 77-90.

Sax, M., Meeks, N. D., and Collon, D. 2000. ‘The Early Development of the Lapidary Engraving Wheel in Mesopotamia’. Iraq, 62: 157-176.

Sax, M. and Meeks, N. D. 1994. ‘The Introduction of Wheel Cutting as a Technique for Engraving Cylinder Seals: Its Distinction from Filing’. Iraq, 56: 153-166.

Sax, M., McNabb J., and Meeks, N. D. 1998. ‘Methods of engraving Mesopotamian cylinder seals: experimental confirmation’. Archaeometry, 40: 1-21.

General studies

Al-Gailani Werr, L. 1988. ‘Cylinder Seals Made of Clay’. Iraq 50: 1-24.

1988. Studies in the Chronology and Regional Style of Old Babylonian Cylinder Seals. Malibu: Undena Publications.

1986. 'Gulf (Dilmun) style cylinder seals'. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 16. 199-201.

1980. 'Chronological table of Old Babylonian seal impressions'. Institute of Archaeology Bulletin 17. University of London. 33-84.

Altavilla, S. and Walker, C. B. F. 2009. Late Babylonian Seal Impressions on Tablets in the British Museum. Part 1: Sippar. Messina: Di.Sc.A.M.

Amiet, P. 1980. La Glyptique Mésopotamienne archaïque. Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique:Paris.

1980. ‘The Mythological Repertory in Cylinder Seals of the Agade Period (c. 2335-2155 B.C.)’. In Ancient Art in Seals. Ed. E. Porada. Princeton: Princeton University Press: 35-59.

1973. "Glyptique Élamite à propos de documents nouveaux". Arts Asiatiques 26, 3-24.

1973. 'La Glyptique de la fin de l'Elam'. Arts Asiatiques 28. 3-32.

1973. Bas-reliefs imaginaires d'après les cachets et les sceaux-cylindres Exhibition catalogue, Hôtel de la Monnaie, Paris.

1961. 'La Gylptique de Mari à l'époque du Palais, note additionnelle'. Syria 38. 1-6.

1960. 'Notes sur le répertoire iconographique de Mari à l'époque du Palais'. Syria 37. 215-32.

1957. 'Notes de Glyptique Orientale' Cahiers de Byrsa 7. 23-7.

Asher-Greve, J. M. 1995. ‘A Seal-Cutter’s Trial-Piece in Berlin and a New Look at the Diqdiqqeh Lapiday Workshops’. Iraq 57: 49-60.

Auerbach, E. 1991. ‘Heirloom seals and political legitimacy in Late Bronze Age Syria’. Akkadica 74-75: 19-36.

Beran, T. 1957-8. 'Die babylonische Glyptik der Kassitenzeit'. Archiv für Orientforschung 18. 255-278.

1957. 'Assyrische Glyptik des 14. Jahrhunderts'. Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 18. 141-215.

Boehmer, J. M. 1985. 'Glyptik aus den italienischen Ausgrabungen im Hamrin-Gebeit'. Mesopotamia 20. 5-21.

1981. 'Glyptik der späten Kassiten-Zeit aus dem nord-östlichen Babylonien,' Baghdader Mitteilungen 12. 71-81.

1975. 'Gylptik von der alt- bis zur spätbabylonischen Zeit'. Der alte Orient Ortmann, W. (ed). Propyläen Kunstgeschichte 14. Berlin.

1974. 'Das Rollsiegel im prädynastischen Ägypten'. Archäologischer Anzeiger. 495-514.

1969. 'Zur Glyptik zwischen Mesilim und Akkad-Zeit (Early Dynastie III).' Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 25. 261-94.

1965. Die Entwicklung der Glyptik während der Akkad-zeit. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Brandes, M.A. 1980. 'Medellage et imprimerie aux débuts de l'écriture en Mésopotamie'. Akkadica 18. 1-30.

1980. ' 'Waffenkammer' - ein neuesSiegelthema der Uruk-Zeit'. Forschungen und Funde - Festschrift Bernhard Neutsch. (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft 21). 77-87.

Buchanan, B.

1970. 'Cylinder seal impressions in the Yale Babylonian collection illustrating a revolution in art c. 1700 BC'. The Yale University Library Gazette 45. 53-65.

1957.'Further observations on the Syrian glyptic style'. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 11. 74-6.

1957. 'On the seal impressions of some Old Babylonian tablets'. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 11. 46-52.

Camiz, S., E. Rova and V. Tuli 2010. "Modelling the Archaeologist’s Thinking for the Automatic Classification of Uruk Jamdat Nasr Seals Images". Beyond the Artifact. Digital Interpretation of the Past. Proceedings of CAA 2004, Prato 13-17 April 2004. Franco Niccolucci and Sorin Hermon (Editors). CAA, Archaeolingua: Budapest.

Caubet, A. (Ed) 1997. De Chypre à la Bactriane. Les sceaux du Proche-Orient ancien. Louvre Conférences et colloques.

Colbow, G. 1995. Die Spätaltbabylonische Glyptik Südbabyloniens. Münchener Universitäts-Schriften Philosophische Fakultät 12. München/Vien.

Collon, D. 2005. First Impressions: Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East (2nd Ed). London: British Museum Press.

1990. Near Eastern Seals. British Museum Publications.

1986. 'The green jasper cylinder seal workshop' Buccellati, M.K. et al (eds) Papers in honour of Edith Porada. Malibu.

1985. 'A north Syrian cylinder seal style: evidence of north-south links with 'Ajjul'. Tubb, J.N. (ed). Palestine in the Bronze and Iron Ages - Papers in honour of Olga Tufnell. Institute of Archaeology, London. 57-68.

1981. 'The seal impressions'. The river Qoueiq, northern Syria, and its catchment. (British Archaeological Reports, International Series 98). Oxford. Matthers, J. (ed). 499-501.

Collon, D., Gubel, E. and Lambrechts, J. 1985. 'Mesopotamische en egyptische glyptiek van de verzamelingen van het Vleeshuis te Antwerpen - Omtrent vier ongepubliceerde zegels'. Antwerpen. 131-6.

Contenau, G. 1922. La Glyptique Syro-Hittite Thèse pour le Doctorat ès-Lettres présentée à la Faculté des Lettres de l'Université de Paris. Librarie Paul Geuthner: Paris.

Cullimore, A. 1842-1901. Oriental Cylinders. No's 1-4. London.

de la Füye, A. 1907. 'Les Sceaux de Lougalanda, patési de Lagash Sirpourla, et de sa femme Barnamtarra'. Revue d'Assyriologie 6. 105-25.

De Miroschedji, P. 1982. 'Notes sur la glyptique de la fin de l'Elam'. Revue d'Assyriologie 76. 51-63.

1981. 'Le dieu élamite au serpent et aux eaux jaillissantes'. Iranica AAntiqua 16. 1-25.

Eppihimer, M. 2013'The Old Assyrian Rulers’ Seals and Their Ur III Prototype'. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 72:1. 35-49

Erlenmeyer, M.-L. and H. 1966.'Einige syrische Siegel mit ägäischen Bildelementen'. Archiv für Orientforschung 21. 32-4.

Feingold, R. 2014. Engraved on Stone : Mesopotamian Cylinder Seals and Seal Inscriptions in the Old Babylonian Period. Piscataway, New Jersey: Gorgias Press.

Frankfort, H. 1939. Cylinder Seals. London.

Gibson, McG. and Biggs, R.D. 1977. Seals and sealings in the Ancient Near East. (Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 6). Malibu.

Greengus, S. 1995. ‘Legal and Social Institutions of Ancient Mesopotamia’. In Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, Vol. I. Ed. J. Sasson, et al. New York: Scribners: 469-484.

Hallo, W. W. 1977. ‘Seals Lost and Found’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East. Ed. M. Gibson and R. D. Biggs. Malibu: Undena Publications: 55-60.

1973. 'The seals of Aššur-remani'. Symbolae Biblicae et Mesopotamicae Francisco Mario Theodoro de Liagre Böhl dedicatae. Leiden 180-4.

Hamilton, R. W. 1967. ‘A Sumerian Cylinder Seal with Handle in the Ashmolean Museum’. Iraq 29, No. 1: 34-41.

Hogarth, D. 1920. Hittite Seals. Oxford.

Ishida, K. 1983. 'The Ancient Near Eastern stamp-cylinder seals'. Bulletin of the Ancient Orient museum5. 281-98.

Karg, N. 1984. Untersuchungen zur älteren frühdynastischen Glyptik Babyloniens : Aspekte regionaler Entwicklungen in der ersten Hälfte des 3. Jahrtausends. Baghdader Forschungen 8.

Klengel-Brandt, E. (ed.) 1997. Mit Sieben Siegeln versehen: das Siegel in Wirtschaft und Kunst des Alten Orients.

Kirk Grayson, A. and Ruby J. 1997. ‘Instructions for Inscribing Sennacherib’s Seal’. Iraq 59: 89-91.

Klengel-Brandt, E (Ed). 1997. Mit Sieben Siegeln versehen: Das Siegel in Wirtschaft und Kunst des Alten Orients. Berlin: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum.

Larsen, M. T. 1977. ‘Seal Use in the Old Assyrian Period’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East. Ed. M. Gibson and R. D. Biggs. Malibu: Undena Publications: 89-106.

Leclant, J. 1960. 'Astarte à cheval d'après les représentations égyptiennes'. Syria 37. 1-67.

Legrain, L.1925. The Culture of the Babylonians from their Seals in the Collection of the Museum (Publications of the Babylonian Section 14). Philadelphia.

Limet, H. 1971. Les Légendes des sceaux cassites. (Académie royale de Belgique, Class des lettres et des sciantes morales et politiques, Mémoires LX). Brussels.

Mallowan, M.E.L. 1964. 'A cylinder seal in the Uruk-Jemdet Nasr style'. Baghdader Mitteilungen 3. 65-7.

Masimov, I.S. 1981. 'New finds of the Bronze Age - Seals from the Lower Murgab'. Soviet Archaeology 2. 132-50.

Matthews, R.J. 1993. Cities, Seals and Writing: Archaic Seal Impressions from Jemdet Nasr and Ur. Materialien zu den frühen Schriftzeugnissen des Vorderen Orients. Band 2. Berlin: Verlag Gebr. Mann.

Matthews, D. M.

1990.Principles of Composition in Near Eastern Glyptic of the Late Second Millennium B.C. OBO SA 8.

Moortgat, A. 1944.'Assyrische Glyptik des 12. Jahrhunderts'. ZA 14. 24-44.

1942.'Assyrische Glytpik des 13. Jahrhunderts'. ZA 13. 50-88.

1940. Vorderasiatische Rollsiegel: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Steinschneidekunst. Berlin: Verlag Gebr. Mann.

Moortgat-Correns 1955. Review of Buchanan 1966 in Orientalische Literatur Zeitung 64.

Nagel, W. 1963. 'Datierte Glyptik aus Altvorderasien'. Archiv für Orientforschung20. 125-40.

1957-8. 'Glyptische Probleme der Larsa-Zeit'. Archiv für Orientforschung 18. 319-27.

Nissen, H. J. 1977. ‘Aspects of the Development of Early Cylinder Seals’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East. Ed. M. Gibson and R. D. Biggs. Malibu: Undena Publications: 15-24.

Nissen, H. J., Damerow, P., and Englund, R. K. 1993. Archaic Bookkeeping: Early Writing and Techniques of the Economic Administration in the Ancient Near East. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Opificius, R. 1957-71. 'Gottessiegel'. Reallexikon der Assyriologie III. 576-80.

Pittman, H. 2013. "Imagery in administrative context: Susiana and the west in the fourth millennium BC". Iran and Its Neighbours. Local developments and long-range interactions in the fourth millennium BC. 293-336.

1994. The Glazed Steatite Glyptic Style. Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient Band 16: Berlin.

Porter, Barbara A. 2001. Old Syrian Popular Style Cylinder Seals. Vols 1-2. Doctorate of Philosophy dissertation, Columbia University.

Porada, E.

1979. 'Remarks on Mitannian (Hurrian) and Middle Assyrian Glyptic Art'. Akkadica 13. 2-15.

1977. 'A cylinder seal with a camel in the Walters Art Gallery'. The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 36. 1-6.

1960. ‘Notes on the Sargonid Cylinder Seal, Ur 364’. Iraq 22: 116-123.

1947. 'Suggestions for the classification of Neo-Babylonian cylinder seals'. Orientalia 16. 145-65.

1946. 'The Origin of Winnirke's Cylinder Seal', JNES 5. 257-9.

Rathje, W. L. 1977. ‘New Tricks for Old Seals: A Progress Report’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East. Ed. M. Gibson and R. D. Biggs. Malibu: Undena Publications: 25-32.

Renger, J. 1977. ‘Legal Aspects of Sealing in Ancient Mesopotamia’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East. Ed. M. Gibson and R. D. Biggs. Malibu: Undena Publications: 75-88.

Rohn, K. 2011. Beschriftete mesopotamische Siegel der Frühdynastischen und der Akkad-Zeit. Fribourg: Academic Press.

Sollberger, E. 1966. ‘Lettre d’époque sargonique’. Revue d'Assyriologie 60: 71.

Stiehler-Alegria Delgado, G. 1996. Die kassitische Glyptik. Münchener vorderasiatische Studien 18. München: Profil.

Steinkeller, P. 1977. ‘Seal Practice in the Ur III Period’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East. Ed. M. Gibson and R. D. Biggs. Malibu: Undena Publications: 41-54.

Taylor, P. 2006. The Iconography of Cylinder Seals. London : The Warburg Institute.

Wengrow, D. 2008. 'Prehistories of commodity branding'. Current Anthropology 49:1. 7-34.

Wiseman, D. J. 1958. The Vassal-Treaties of Esarhaddon. London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.

Zettler, R. L. 1977. ‘The Sargonic Royal Seal: A Consideration of Sealing in Mesopotamia’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East. Ed. M. Gibson and R. D. Biggs. Malibu: Undena Publications: 33-40.

Seals, sealings and impressions by region and site

Iraq

Al-Gailani Werr, L. 1983. 'Cylinder seal discoveries in the Hamrin Basin' Ur - The International Magazine of Arab Culture 1. 47-50.

Nimrud

Parker,B. 1962. 'Excavations at Nimrud, 1955-8: Seal and seal impressions'. Iraq 17. 93-125.

1955. 'Excavations at Nimrud, 1949-53: Seal and seal impressions'. Iraq 24. 26-40.

Nippur

Bregstein, L.B. Seal use in fifth century B.C. Nippur, Iraq: A study of seal selection and sealing practices in the Murašu Archive. University of Pennsylvania dissertation.

Matthews, D.M. 1992. The Kassite Glyptic of Nippur.Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 116.

Nuzi

Porada, E. 1947. Seal impressions of Nuzi. American Schools of Oriental Research. New Haven.

Sippar

Al-Gailani Werr, L. 1986. ‘The Sippar Workshop of Seal Engraving’. American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 90, No. 4: 461-463.

Teissier, B. 1998. ‘Sealing and Seals: Seal-Impressions from the Reign of Hammurabi on Tablets from Sippar in the British Museum’. Iraq, 60: 109-186.

Tell al Rimah

Parker, B. 1975. 'Cylinder seals from Tell al Rimah'. Iraq 37. 21-38.

Tell Billa

1991. "Middle Assyrian Glyptic from Tell Billa" Iraq53. p 17-42.

Tell Sifr

Charpin, D. 1980. Archives familiales et propriété privée en Babylonie ancienne: étude des documents de «Tell Sifr». Genève: Droz.

Ur

Legrain, L. 1936. Archaic Seal-impressions. (Ur Excavations III). London and Philadelphia.

Buchanon and Briggs 1953. [Review of] Seal cylinders, Ur excavations, v. 10, by L. Legrain. Publications of the Joint Expedition of the British Museum and of the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia to Mesopotamia.

Moorey, P.R.S. 1979. 'Unpublished Early Dynastic dealings from Ur in the British Museum'. Iraq 41. 105-21.

Uruk

Brandes, M. A. 1979. Siegelabrollungen aus den archaischen Bauschichten in Uruk-Warka. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner.

Boehmer, R.M. 1999. Uruk - Früheste Abrollungen (Ausgrabungen in Uruk-Warka Endberichte 24). Mainz am Rhein.

1984. 'Uruk: Funde im Zusammenhang mit Tierknochen'. Baghdader Mitteilungen 15. 191-6.

Collon, D. 1981-1982. Reviews of Brandes, M.A., 1979. Siegelabrollungen aus den archaischen Bauschichten in Uruk-Warka. Wiesbaden, Franz Steiner. Archiv für Orientforschung 28, 177-81.

Iran

Moorey, P.R.S. 1979. 'Aspects of worship and ritual on Achaemenid seals'. Archäeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran Ergänzungsband6. 218-26.

Pittman, H. 2001. 'The Jeweler's Seal from Susa and Art of Awan'. Leaving no stones unturned : essays on the ancient Near East and Egypt in honor of Donald P. Hansen. Ehrenberg, E.(Ed.) Eisenbraun: Winona Lake.

Roach, K.J. 2008. The Elamite Cylinder Seal Corpus, c. 3500 - 1000 BC Doctor of Philosophy, (Near Eastern) Archaeology The University of Sydney. Download PDFs (four volumes)

Choga Zanbil

Porada, E. 1970. Tchoga Zanbil IV: La glyptique. (Mémoires de la Délégation en Iran 42. Paris.

Hasanlu

Marcus, M. I. 1990. ‘Glyptic Style and Seal Function: the Hasanlu Collection’. In Aegean Seals, Sealings and Administration. Ed. T. G. Palaima. Liège : Université de Liège, Histoire de l'art et archéologie de la Grèce antique.

Persepolis

Garrison, M.B. and Root, M.C. 2001. Seals on the Persepolis Fortification tablets 1. Images of heroic encounter. (Oriental Institute Publications 117). 2 volumes. Chicago.

Susa

Amiet, P. 1988. "Les modes d'utilisation des sceaux à Suse au Ive millénaire". Archaeologische Mitteilungen aux Iran21, 7-16.

1985. "À propos de l'usage et de l'iconographie des sceaux à Suse". Paléorient11:2, 37-8.

1971. La Glyptique de l'Acropole (1969-1971). Tablettes lenticulaires de Suse. Cahiers de la Délégation Archéologique Français en Iran 1, 217-33.

Charvát, P. 1988. "Archaeology and Social History: the Susa Sealings, ca. 4000-2350 B.C.". Paléorient14, 57-63.

The Levant

Beck, P and Rainey, A. 1973. 'A votive cylinder seal'. Beer-Sheba 1, Tel Aviv. Aharoni, Y. (ed).

Parker, B. 1949. 'Cylinder seals from Palestine'. Iraq 11. 1-43.

Porada, E. 1975-6. 'The cylinder seal from Tomb 66 at Ruweise'. Berytus 26. 27-33.

Arad

Beck, P. 1984. 'The seals and stamps of early Arad'. Tel Aviv 11. 97-114.

Byblos

Porada,E. 1966. 'Les cylindres de la Jarre Montet'. Syria 43. 243-58.

Ward, W.A. and Tufnell, O. 1966.'Relations between Byblos, Egypt and Mesopotamia at the end of the third millennium B.C. A Study of a Montet Jar'. Syria 43. 165-241.

Lachish

1983. 'A Cypriote Cylinder Seal from Lachish'. Excavations at Tel Lachish 1978-83. Ussishkin, D. (Ed). Tel Aviv 10/2. 178-81.

Tell Fadous-Kfarabida

Genz, Hermann. 2009. 'A Stamp Seal Impression from Tell Fadous-Kfarabida'. Annales d'histoire et d'archéologie Université Saint-Joseph, Beyrouth Vol. 18, 2007-2009. 51·57

Syria

Amiet, P. 1963. 'La Gylptique Syrienne Archaïque', Syria 40. 57-83.

Kühne, H. et al. 1980. Das Rollsiegel in Syrien. Tűbingen.

Mazzoni, S. 1972. 'Il trionfo sul nemico: trasformazione di un motivo iconografico in Siria e in Anatolia'. Vicino Oriente 6. 71-93.

Mode, H. 1950. 'Ūber einige syrische Siegelzylinders aus Schweizer Sammlungen'. Archív Orientálí 18. 82-7.

Nougayrol, J and Amiet, P. 1962. 'Le sceau de Sumirapa roi de Tuba'. Revue d'Assyriologie 56. 169-74.

Otto, A. 2000. Die Entstehung und Entwicklung der Klassik-Syrischen Glyptik. Berlin

Porada, E. 1957. 'Forged North Syrian Seals'. Archaeology 10:2. 143.

Alalakh

Collon, D. 1975. The Seal Impressions from Tell Atchana/Alalakh. Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker.

1975. 'La glyptique hourrite d'Alalakh' Revue hittite et asianique 36. 35-41.

Ebla

Matthiae, P. 1969. 'Emprientes d'un cylindre paléosyrien de Tell Mardikh'. Syria 46. 1-43.

Mazzoni, S. 1984. 'Seal-impressions on jars from Ebla in EB I (V) A-B'. Akkadika 18-45.

1975. 'Tell Mardikh e una classe di glittica siro-anatolica del periodo di Larsa'. Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli 35. 21-43.

Emar

Singer, I. 1995. ‘Borrowing Seals at Emar’. In Seals and Sealing in the Ancient Near East: Proceedings of the Symposium held on September 2, 1993, Jerusalem, Israel. Ed. J. Goodnick Westenholz. Jerusalem: Bible Lands Museum: 57-64.

Beyer, D. 2001. Emar IV: Les sceaux (Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, Series Archaeologica 20). Fribourg.

1980. 'Notes préliminaires sur les empreintes de sceaux de Meskéne'. Le Moyen Euphrate, Zone de contacts et d'échanges (Actes du Colloque de Strasbourg 10-12 mars 1977) Leiden.

Mari

Amiet, P. 1961. 'La Gylptique de Mari à l'époque du Palais, note additionnelle'. Syria 38. 1-6.

1960. 'Notes sur le répertoire iconographique de Mari à l'époque du Palais'. Syria 37. 215-32.

Beyer, D. 1985. Nouveauz documents iconographiques de l'époque des Shakkanakku de Mari'. Mari,Annales de Recherches Interdisciplinaires 4 (Editions Recherche sur les civilisations). Paris. 173-89.

1985. 'Scellements de portes du palais de Mari'. Mari,Annales de Recherches Interdisciplinaires 4 (Editions Recherche sur les civilisations). Paris. 375-84.

1984. 'Le sceau de Kabi-Addu, fils d'Asqudum'. Mari, Annales de Recherches Interdisciplinaires 2 (Editions Recherche sur les civilisations). Paris. 255-6.

Tell Brak

Matthews, D. M. 1998. 'Image and function in early Ninevite 5 administration'. Written on Clay and Stone. Ancient Near Eastern Studies Presented to Krystyna Szarzyńska on the Occasion of Her 80th Birthday. Agade: Warsaw.

1997. The Early Glyptic of Tell Brak: Cylinder Seals of Third Millennium Syria. University Press: Göttingen.

Tell Fakhariyah

Kantor, H.J. 1958. 'The Glyptic'. Soundings at Tell Fakhariyah. McEwan, C.W. (ed). OIP 79. 69-85.

Tell Leilan

Parayre, D. 2004-5. 'Les empreintes de sceaux de Tell Leilan au Bronze Moyen'.Les annales archéologiques arabes syriennes : revue d'archéologie et d'histoire47-48: 63-75.

2003. 'The Ninevite 5 Sequence of Glyptic at Tell Leilan'. The origins of North Mesopotamian civilization Weiss, H. (ed.). Turnhout:Brepols. 271-310

1989. 'Tell Leilan 1987: Sceaux et empreintes de sceaux'. Les annales archéologiques arabes syriennes: Revue d'archéologie et d'histoire. 38-39: 128-141.

1991. 'Notes sur la glyptique de Tell Leilan à l'époque paléo-babylonienne'. Marchands, diplomates et empereurs. Paris: Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations (ERC). 389-396

Tell Sabi Abyad

Akkermans, P.M.M.G. 1997 'Seals and Seal Impressions from Middle Assyrian Tell Sabi Abyad, Syria', Subartu 4. 243-258. PDF

Turkey

Alp, S. 1968. Zylinder- und Stempelsiegel aus Karahöyük bei Konya. Ankara.

Buchholz, H.-G. 1967. 'XII. The Cylinder Seal.' Cape Gelidonya: A Bronze Age Shipwreck. (transactions of the American Philosophical Society 57/8). Bass, G (ed.). Philadelphia. 148-59.

Işik, C. 1976-7. 'A Cylinder Seal from Adılcevaz'. Anadolu. 88-92.

Moortgat-Correns, U. 1965. 'Ein Rollsiegel aus Arsameia'. ZA 23. 6-11.

Özgüç, N. 1983. 'Sealings from Acemhöyük in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York'. Beiträge zur Altertumskunde Kleinasiens - Festschrift fur Kurt Bittel. Mainz/Rhein. 413-20.

1966. 'Seals allegedly from the regions of Kayseri, Afyonnkarahisar and Malatya'. Andalou 10. 167-78.

Kaneš

Özgüç, N. 1968. Seals and seal impressions of level Ib from Karum Kanish. Ankara.

1965. The Anatolian Group of cylinder seal impressions from Kültepe. Ankara.

Porada, E. 1980. 'Kaneš, kārum. C. Die Glyptik'. Reallexikon der Assyriologie V/6. Berlin. 383-9.

Teissier, B. 1994. Sealing and Seals on Texts from Kültepe Kārum Level 2. Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul.

The Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula

Potts, D.T. 2010. 'Cylinder seals and their use in the Arabian Peninsula'. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy21. 20-40.

Egypt

Amarna

Porada, E. 1974-7. 'Die Siegelzylinder-Abrollung auf der Amerna-Tafel BM 29841 im Britischen Museum'. Archiv für Orientforschung 25. 132-42.

Tell el-Dab'a

Collon, D., Lehmann, M. and Müller, S.E.M. 2013. 'Tell el-Dab`a sealings 2009-2011' Ägypten und Levante : Internationale Zeitschrift für ägyptische Archäologie und deren Nachbargebietevol. 22-23, 95-104.

Collon, D., and Lehmann, M. 2011. 'Report on the sealings found in the 2009 excavations at Tell el-Dab`a'. Ägypten und Levante : Internationale Zeitschrift für ägyptische Archäologie und deren Nachbargebietevol. 21, 67-70.

Thebes

Brinkman, J. A. 1981. ‘The Western Asiatic Seals Found at Thebes’. Archiv für Orientforschung 28: 73-78.

Porada, E. 1981. ‘The Cylinder Seals Found at Thebes in Boeotia’. Archiv für Orientforschung 28: 1-70.

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