Uruk IV/III metrological systems

Return to Numbers & Metrology in the 4th & 3rd millennium

All the numerical sign files used in these charts are available here (.eps) and here (.jpeg)

Systems used to count discrete objects

Sexagesimal System S

Used to count discrete inanimate objects.

N8a
↓ ×2 or ×10
N1
↓ ×10
N14
↓ ×6
N34
↓ ×10
N48
↓ ×6
N45
↓ ×10
N50

Sexagesimal System S'

Used to count certain objects, for example, dead animals from herds and jars of certain types of liquids. See cdli texts using the sexagesimal System S'

N3
↓ ×10
N18
↓ ×6
N45

Bi-sexagesimal System B

N8
↓ ×2
N1
↓ ×10
N14
↓ ×6
N34
↓ ×2
N51
↓ ×10
N54

Bi-sexagesimal System B*

System derived from the bisexagesimal system, used to count rations of an unclear nature, possibly a type of fish.

N6
↓ ×10
N21
↓ ×6
N38
↓ ×2
N52
↓ ×10
N60

System used to count measures of area (GAN2 system)

N8
↓ ×10?
N1
↓ ×6
N22
↓ ×3
N14
↓ ×10
N50
↓ ×6
N45

System used to count time (U4 system)

U4 N8
↓×10
U4 N14
↓×3
U4× N1

EN system

The field of application for this system is unknown.See CDLI texts using the EN system.

N9 N10 N11 N12
↓ ×? ↓ ×? ↓ ×? ↓ ×?
N7
↓ ×4
N8
↓ ×2
N24
↓ ×2
N1
↓ ×10
N14

Systems used to count measures of capacity

ŠE system Š

N24 N26 N28 N29 N30a N30c
↓ ×2 ↓ ×3 ↓ ×4 ↓ ×5 ↓ ×6 ↓ ×10
N39a
↓ ×5
N1
↓ ×6
N14
↓ ×10
N45
↓ ×3
N34
↓ ×10
N48
↓ ×6
N46

ŠE system Š'

ŠE system Š'

N24
↓ ×2
N40
↓ ×5
N3
↓ ×6
N18
↓ ×10
N45

ŠE system Š"

ŠE system Š"

N41
↓ ×5
N4
↓ ×6
N19
↓ ×10
N46
↓ ×3
N36
↓ ×10
N49
↓ ×6?
N46

ŠE system Š*

N25 N27 N28
↓ ×2 ↓ ×3 ↓ ×4
N42
↓ ×5
N5
↓ ×6
N20
↓ ×10
N47
↓ ×3
N37

DUGb system

N1 SILA3a
↓ ×10
N1 DUGb

DUGc system

N2
↓ ×5
N1 KU3a
↓ ×2
N1 DUGc
uruk_metrological_systems.txt · Last modified: 2018/01/24 21:34 by dahl
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