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Brief notes on Lagash II chronology

The allocation of year names listed here is based on the suggestions of Sigrist & Damerow. However, it is important to note that there is a high level of uncertainty in the allocation of many of the Lagash II year names to specific rulers.

The sequence of the rulers of Lagash II is also uncertain (for discussion, see Lafont, 1993, BiOr 50, pp. 675-681). Edzard (1997, RIME 3/1, p. 3) adopts the following sequence based on the discussion by Maeda on ASJ 10, 33 (=BM 18474) (ASJ 10, (1988), pp. 19-35).

  • Ur-Ningirsu I
  • Pirigme
  • Lu-Baba
  • Lu-gula
  • Ka-ku
  • Ur-Baba
  • Gudea
  • Ur-Ningirsu II
  • Ur-gar
  • Ur-abba
  • Ur-Mama
  • Nammahni

There is also discussion about the extent of the overlap between Lagash II and Ur III (see, for example, Steinkeller 1988, JCS 40, pp. 47-53 and Widell, CDLJ 2004:2 with its references to earlier literature).

The month names for the Lagash II period at Girsu are almost the same as those used during the early part of the reign of Šulgi (Ur III month names). The main difference is that, in the earlier usage, there is a tendency to include the word ezem, which is usually excluded in later usage, for example in

  • Month 1: ezem GAN2-maš
  • Month 2: ezem gu4-ra2-izi-mu2-mu2
  • Month 4: ezem šu numun
  • Month 5: ezem munu4-gu7
  • Month 12: ezem še-il2-la

During this period, Month 9 is written mu-šu-du8 (rather than mu-šu-du7). This variation can also be found after Lagash II. At Girsu, there was a change in name of the 7th month from about the 25 year of Šulgi’s reign, so the month UR was re-named as ezem-{d}šul-gi.

brief_notes_on_lagash_ii_chronology.1312380530.txt.gz · Last modified: 2011/08/03 15:08 by firth
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