Directly linked to the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative and born with it, cdli:wiki is now a collaborative project of members of the French CNRS team ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), and staff and students in the Faculty of Oriental Studies at the University of Oxford, with contributors in several different countries, involved in researches in history of the ancient Near East. In 2015-2019, the cdli:wiki has received funding by the Cluster (LabEx) Pasts in the Present through the project AssyrOnline: Digital Humanities and Assyriologie.
Adossé au programme international Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative et né avec lui, cdli:wiki est désormais un projet d’encyclopédie en ligne et d'outils de recherche assyriologique, qui fait collaborer des membres de l’équipe française du CNRS ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), et le staff et les étudiants de la Faculty of Oriental Studies de l'Université d'Oxford, avec les contributeurs dans plusieurs autres pays, engagés dans des recherches sur l'histoire du Proche-Orient ancien. En 2015-2019, le projet cdli:wiki a bénéficié d'un financement par le LabEx Les Passés dans le Présent dans le cadre du programme intitulé “AssyrOnline: Humanités numériques et assyriologie”.
Please note that the tools and main encyclopedic articles can be accessed through the menu on the left. Important tools such as lists of year names and eponyms are found under the section “Tools”, sub-section “Chronology & Dates”. Bibliographical ressources, such as Abbreviations for Assyriology, are found under “Bibliographical Tools”.
What is Assyriology?
Assyriology is the study of the languages, history, and culture of the people who used the ancient writing system called cuneiform. Cuneiform was used primarily in an area called the Near East, centred on Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and eastern Syria) where cuneiform was invented, but including the Northern Levant (Western Syria and Lebanon), parts of Anatolia, and western Iran. The sources for Assyriology are all archaeological, and include both inscribed and uninscribed objects. Most Assyriologists focus on the rich textual record from the ancient Near East, and specialise in either the study of language, literature, or history of the ancient Near East.
Assyriology began as an academic discipline with the recovery of the monuments of ancient Assyria, and the decipherment of cuneiform, in the middle of the 19th century. Large numbers of archaeological objects, including texts, were brought to museums in Europe and later the US, following the early excavations of Nineveh, Kalhu, Babylon, Girsu, Assur and so forth. Today Assyriology is studied in universities across the globe, both as an undergraduate and a graduate subject, and knowledge from the ancient Near East informs students of numerous other disciplines such as the History of Science, Archaeology, Classics, Biblical studies and more.
What’s new in cdli:wiki?
- List of physical seals with original impressionsList of physical seals with original impressions Below is a running tally of physical seals with matching original impressions on clay artifacts; please submit other known or suspected instances to Jacob Dahl • Seal: WAM 42.0786 =? Envelope: Prag 587 & (see also seals P272873 and P272886), an Old Assyrian tablet with envelope, only hand copy of envelope.
- RELATED PROJECTS AND ONLINE RESOURCESRELATED PROJECTS AND ONLINE RESOURCES Research projects: cuneiform Machine Translation and Automated Analysis of Cuneiform Languages (MTAAC) (Heather Baker University of Toronto, Robert K. Englund UCLA, and Christian Chiarcos University of Frankfurt) Reallexikon der Assyriologie (Michael Streck, et al., University of Leipzig) Mesopotamian calculator (Baptiste Mélès, Archives Henri Poincaré, University of Lorraine, & Christine Proust, SAW/CNRS)
- The earliest known mathematical exerciseThe earliest known mathematical exercise Artifact: Clay tablet Provenience: Uruk, modern Warka Period: Uruk IV (ca. 3350-3200 BC) Current location: University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg (W 19408,76+) Text genre, language: School text, mathematical exercise; undetermined
- Abbreviations for AssyriologyAbbreviations for Assyriology A A: tablets in the collections of the Oriental Institute, Univ. of Chicago A2: lex. series a2 = idu A-tablet: lexical text, see MSL 13 10ff. Ä & L: Ägypten und Levante (Wien) Aa: lex. series a2 || A = naqu; MSL 14, 201ff.