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susa_metrological_systems [2014/12/31 14:39]
dahl
susa_metrological_systems [2016/04/12 16:56] (current)
kelley [Table]
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 ===== Proto-Elamite metrological systems ===== ===== Proto-Elamite metrological systems =====
 +
 +Return to [[4th & 3rd millennium]]
 +
  
 ==== Systems used to count discrete objects ==== ==== Systems used to count discrete objects ====
Line 18: Line 21:
 |  **↓ ×6**  || |  **↓ ×6**  ||
 | N<sub>45</sub> | {{:1_n14_.png?50|}} | | N<sub>45</sub> | {{:1_n14_.png?50|}} |
 +
 +Only two texts have conclusive evidence for the large sexagesimal notations: ([[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P009425|CahDAFI 3, 103 01]]) and ([[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P009377|MDP 31, 038]]).\\
  
 == Decimal System D == == Decimal System D ==
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 Used to count discrete animate objects, in particular domesticated animals and laborers.\\ Used to count discrete animate objects, in particular domesticated animals and laborers.\\
  
-| N<sub>1</sub> | {{:1_n01_.png?50|}} |  +| N<sub>1</sub>                      | {{:1_n01_.png?50}}                      
-|  **↓ ×10**  | | +|  **↓ ×10**                                                                  || 
-| N<sub>14</sub> | {{:1_n14_.png?25|}} |  +| N<sub>14</sub>                     | {{:1_n14_.png?25}}                      
-|  **↓ ×6**  ||  +|  **↓ ×6**                                                                   || 
-| N<sub>23</sub> | {{:1_n23_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>23</sub>                     | {{:1_n23_.png?50}}                      
-|  **↓ ×10**  || +|  **↓ ×10**                                                                  || 
-| N<sub>51</sub> or N<sub>51g</sub>| {{:1_n51_.png?50|}} {{:1_n51g_.png?50|}} |  +| N<sub>51</sub> or N<sub>51g</sub>  | {{:1_n51_.png?50}} {{:1_n51g_.png?50}}  
-|  **↓ ×6**  || +|  **↓ ×6**                                                                   || 
-| N<sub>54g</sub> | {{:1_n54g_.png?50|}} |+| N<sub>54g</sub>                    | {{:1_n54g_.png?50}}                     |
  
-N<sub>51</sub>, N<sub>51g</sub> and N<sub>54g</sub> are only attested in one text (see [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P009371 |MDP 31, 031]])+N<sub>51g</sub> and N<sub>54g</sub> are only attested in one text (see [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P009371 |MDP 31, 031]]). N<sub>51</sub>, counting low-status humans and animals, is found in five texts ([[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008179|MDP 06, 399]]; [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008473|MDP 17, 275]]; [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008844|MDP 26, 156]]; [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008848|MDP 26, 160]]; [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008893|MDP 26, 205]]).\\ 
 +N<sub>23</sub> is also used as a nonnumerical sign with the value [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/search/search_results.php?SearchMode=Text&requestFrom=Search&Period=proto-Elamite&TextSearch=M387+|M387]]. Many variants of [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/search/search_results.php?SearchMode=Text&requestFrom=Search&Period=proto-Elamite&TextSearch=M387~|M387 are know]], with approximately similar usage. 
  
 == Bi-sexagesimal System B == == Bi-sexagesimal System B ==
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 Used to count discrete grain products; objects noted with this system may, as in archaic Babylonia, belong to a rationing system.\\ Used to count discrete grain products; objects noted with this system may, as in archaic Babylonia, belong to a rationing system.\\
  
-| N<sub>1</sub> | {{:1_n01_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>1</sub>   | {{:1_n01_.png?50}}  
-|  **↓ ×10**  || +|  **↓ ×10**                           || 
-| N<sub>14</sub> | {{:1_n14_.png?25|}} | +| N<sub>14</sub>  | {{:1_n14_.png?25}}  
-|  **↓ ×6**  || +|  **↓ ×6**                            || 
-| N<sub>34</sub> | {{:1_n34_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>34</sub>  | {{:1_n34_.png?50}}  
-|  **↓ ×2**  || +|  **↓ ×2**                            || 
-| N<sub>51</sub> | {{:1_n51_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>51</sub>  | {{:1_n51_.png?50}}  
-|  **↓ ×10**  || +|  **↓ ×10**                           || 
-| N<sub>54</sub> | {{:1_n54_.png?50|}} |+| N<sub>54</sub>  | {{:1_n54_.png?50}}  | 
 + 
 +N<sub>54</sub> is found in only three texts, of which only one has been collated (collated: [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008275|MDP 17, 077 + 212 + 226]], not collated: [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008715|MDP 26, 027]] and [[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P009048|MDP 26, 360]]).\\
  
 == Bi-sexagesimal System B# == == Bi-sexagesimal System B# ==
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 |  **↓ ×10**  || |  **↓ ×10**  ||
 | N<sub>54b</sub> | {{:1_n54_b_.png?75|}} | | N<sub>54b</sub> | {{:1_n54_b_.png?75|}} |
 +
 +N<sub>54b</sub> is attested in only one (not collated) text ([[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P009048|MDP 26, 360]]), and N<sub>51b</sub> in same and only one further (also not collated) text ([[http://cdli.ucla.edu/P008738|MDP 26, 050]]).
 +
 ==== Systems used to count measures of capacity ==== ==== Systems used to count measures of capacity ====
  
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 System used primarily to note capacity measures of grain, in particular barley; some of the small units also designate bi-secually counted cereal products.\\ System used primarily to note capacity measures of grain, in particular barley; some of the small units also designate bi-secually counted cereal products.\\
  
-| N<sub>39c</sub> | {{:1_n39c_.png?40|}} | +| N<sub>39c</sub>  | {{:1_n39c_.png?40}}           
-|  **↓ ×2**  || +|  **↓ ×2**                                       || 
-| N<sub>30d</sub> | {{:1_n30d_.png?40|}} | +| N<sub>30d</sub>  | {{:1_n30d_.png?40}}           
-|  **↓ ×2**  || +|  **↓ ×2**                                       || 
-| N<sub>30c</sub> | {{:1_n30c_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>30c</sub>  | {{:1_n30c_.png?50}}           
-|  **↓ ×3**  || +|  **↓ ×3**                                       || 
-| N<sub>24</sub> | {{:1_n24_.png?22|}} | +| N<sub>24</sub>   | {{:1_n24_.png?22}}            
-|  **↓ ×2**  || +|  **↓ ×2**                                       || 
-| N<sub>39b</sub> | {{:1_n39b_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>39b</sub>  | {{:1_n39b_.png?50}}           
-|  **↓ ×5**  || +|  **↓ ×5**                                       || 
-| N<sub>1</sub> | {{:1_n01_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>1</sub>    | {{:1_n01_.png?50}}            
-|  **↓ ×6**  || +|  **↓ ×6**                                       || 
-| N<sub>14</sub> | {{:1_n14_.png?22|}} | +| N<sub>14</sub>   | {{:1_n14_.png?22}}            
-|  **↓ ×10**  || +|  **↓ ×10**                                      || 
-| N<sub>45</sub> | {{:undefined:1_n45_.png?40|}} | +| N<sub>45</sub>   | {{:undefined:1_n45_.png?40}}  
-|  **↓ ×3**  || +|  **↓ ×3**                                       || 
-| N<sub>34</sub> | {{:1_n34_.png?50|}} | +| N<sub>34</sub>   | {{:1_n34_.png?50}}            
-|  **↓ ×10**  || +|  **↓ ×10**                                      || 
-| N<sub>48</sub> | {{:1_n48_.png?50|}} |+| N<sub>48</sub>   | {{:1_n48_.png?50}}            | 
 +|                  | **↓ ×6**                      | 
 +| N<sub>46</sub>   | {{:n46_redo.png?50&nolink}}   |
  
 == Capacity System C# == == Capacity System C# ==
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 | N<sub>34@b</sub> | {{:1_n34_b_.png?75|}} | | N<sub>34@b</sub> | {{:1_n34_b_.png?75|}} |
 |  **↓ ×10**  || |  **↓ ×10**  ||
 +
 +== Capacity System C'' ==
 +
 +System derived from the capacity system C, graphically related to the Babylonian system used to measure emmer.\\
 +
 +| N<sub>30d@c</sub> | {{:1_n30d_c_.png?50|}} |
 +|  **↓ ×2**  ||
 +| N<sub>30c@c</sub> | {{:1_n30c_c_.png?50|}} |
 +|  **↓ ×3**  ||
 +| N<sub>24@c</sub> | {{:1_n24_c_.png?25|}} |
 +|  **↓ ×2**  ||
 +| N<sub>39b@c</sub> | {{:1_n39b_c_.png?50|}} |
 +|  **↓ ×5**  ||
 +| N<sub>1@c</sub> | {{:1_n01_c_.png?50|}} |
 +|  **↓ ×6**  ||
 +| N<sub>14@c</sub> | {{:1_n14_c_.png?35|}} |
 +|  **↓ ×10**  ||
 +
 +KEK
 +
 +(return to [[numbers metrology]])
 +(return to [[4th & 3rd millennium]])
susa_metrological_systems.1420036788.txt.gz · Last modified: 2014/12/31 14:39 by dahl
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