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Mulissu-mukannišat-Ninua is the first queen attested in Neo-Assyrian Period (Svärd 2012: 102). Her full title “queen of Ashurnasirpal, king of Assyria, (and) of Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, daughter of Aššur-nirka-da’’in, great cupbearer of Ashurnasirpal, king of Assyria” is best explained by assuming that she remained MI2.E2.GAL after the death of Ashurnasirpal II (Damerji 2008: 82; Svärd 2012: 91). It means she was the queen of two Assyrian kings, Ashurnasirpal II and Shalmaneser III (Ascalone 2007: 265; Mattias Karlson, Early Neo-Assyrian State Ideology, Relations of Power in the Inscriptions and Iconography of Ashurnasirpal II (883-859) and Shalmaneser III (858-824), Upsala Universitet, PhD Dissertation, Upsala 2013, p.4). Her grave was found at Tomb III at Nimrud (Teppo 2005: 3; Damerji 2008: 82).

She also maintained a treasurer in the capital city Nimrud (Kalhu), which was also the site of her burial . This shows that the queen also had an active role in the economic life from the early period of Neo-Assyria.

There is a funerary inscription belonging to Mulissu-mukannišat-Ninua from Shalmaneser III’s reign (Karlson 2013: 50). The inscriptions included curse sentences as follows: “…No one later may place here, whether a palace lady or a queen, nor remove this sarcaphagus from its place. Whoever removes this sarcophagus from its place, his spirit will not receive the kispu-offering with the other spirits…” (Al-Rawi: 2008: 124; S.L. Macgregor, Beyond Hearth and Home, Women in the Public Sphere in the Neo-Assyrian Society, State Archives of Assyria Studies, Vol.XXI, Helsinki 2012, p.80).

mulissu-mukannisat-ninua.txt · Last modified: 2014/09/30 14:43 by
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