Directly linked to the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative and born with it, cdli:wiki is now a collaborative project of members of the French CNRS team ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), and staff and students in the Faculty of Oriental Studies at the University of Oxford, with contributors in several different countries, involved in researches in history of the ancient Near East. The cdli:wiki is currently funded by the Cluster (LabEx) Pasts in the Present through the project AssyrOnline: Digital Humanities and Assyriologie.
Adossé au programme international Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative et né en même temps que lui, cdli:wiki est un projet d’encyclopédie en ligne et d'outils de recherche assyriologique, qui fait aujourd'hui collaborer des membres de l'équipe française du CNRS ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), et le staff et les étudiants de la Faculty of Oriental Studies de l'Université d'Oxford, avec les contributeurs dans plusieurs autres pays, engagés dans des recherches sur l'histoire du Proche-Orient ancien. Le projet cdli:wiki est financé par le LabEx Les Passés dans le Présent dans le cadre du programme intitulé "AssyrOnline: Humanités numériques et assyriologie".
Please note that the tools and main encyclopedic articles can be accessed through the menu on the left. Important tools such as lists of year names and eponyms are found under the section "Tools", sub-section "Chronology & Dates". Bibliographical ressources, such as Abbreviations for Assyriology, are found under "Bibliographical tools".
What is Assyriology?
Assyriology is the study of the languages, history, and culture of the people who used the ancient writing system called cuneiform. Cuneiform was used primarily in an area called the Near East, centred on Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and eastern Syria) where cuneiform was invented, but including the Northern Levant (Western Syria and Lebanon), parts of Anatolia, and western Iran. The sources for Assyriology are all archaeological, and include both inscribed and uninscribed objects. Most Assyriologists focus on the rich textual record from the ancient Near East, and specialise in either the study of language, literature, or history of the ancient Near East.
Assyriology began as an academic discipline with the recovery of the monuments of ancient Assyria, and the decipherment of cuneiform, in the middle of the 19th century. Large numbers of archaeological objects, including texts, were brought to museums in Europe and later the US, following the early excavations of Nineveh, Kalhu, Babylon, Girsu, Assur and so forth. Today Assyriology is studied in universities across the globe, both as an undergraduate and a graduate subject, and knowledge from the ancient Near East informs students of numerous other disciplines such as the History of Science, Archaeology, Classics, Biblical studies and more.
What’s new in cdli:wiki?
- CDLI Data StructureCDLI Data Structure Main page of CDLI is here. For searching in CDLI database, information is here. All the texts displayed in CDLI with a translation are here. CDLI data consists of three main components: catalogue, transliterations, and images. All public data are available
- The Cylinders of GudeaThe Cylinders of Gudea Artifact: Clay cylinders (and fragments) Provenience: Girsu, modern Tello Period: Lagash II (ca. 2200-2100 BC) Current location: Louvre Museum, Paris (MNB 1511a, b, MNB 1514a, NB 1395 + MNB 1514c + MNB 1514f + MNB 1514h, MNB 1514d, MNB 1514i, MNB 1514cbis, MNB 1514b, AO 06953 + AO 06952 + MNB 1514g, )
- Astral sciencesReturn to Sciences & Technology Astral sciences The following aspects of ancient Mesopotamian astronomy are treated in the articles on astral sciences: - Introduction to Babylonian Astronomy - Omens from celestial phenomena (Compendia, Letters and Reports) * Enuma Anu Enlil * Practical use in letters to the king * Bibliography - Theoretical texts, schematic (Coming soon) - Observations (Diaries, Goal-year texts, Almanacs, Eclipse records)
- The Middle Assyrian periodReturn to Lexical texts The Middle Assyrian period By the last third of the 2nd millennium Assyria gained political strength in the Fertile Crescent and started a policy of vast expansions into other territories. Most notably in this period is the campaign of the Middle Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243-1207 BC) towards Babylonia, which is reflected upon in an epic. In this text the ruler claims that he brought to Assyria Babylonian scribal lore. The religious and political center of this …