Directly linked to the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative and born with it, cdli:wiki is now a collaborative project of members of the French CNRS team ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), and staff and students in the Faculty of Oriental Studies at the University of Oxford, with contributors in several different countries, involved in researches in history of the ancient Near East. The cdli:wiki is currently funded by the Cluster (LabEx) Pasts in the Present through the project AssyrOnline: Digital Humanities and Assyriologie.
Adossé au programme international Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative et né en même temps que lui, cdli:wiki est un projet d’encyclopédie en ligne et d'outils de recherche assyriologique, qui fait aujourd’hui collaborer des membres de l’équipe française du CNRS ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), et le staff et les étudiants de la Faculty of Oriental Studies de l'Université d'Oxford, avec les contributeurs dans plusieurs autres pays, engagés dans des recherches sur l'histoire du Proche-Orient ancien. Le projet cdli:wiki est financé par le LabEx Les Passés dans le Présent dans le cadre du programme intitulé “AssyrOnline: Humanités numériques et assyriologie”.
Please note that the tools and main encyclopedic articles can be accessed through the menu on the left. Important tools such as lists of year names and eponyms are found under the section “Tools”, sub-section “Chronology & Dates”. Bibliographical ressources, such as Abbreviations for Assyriology, are found under “Bibliographical Tools”.
What is Assyriology?
Assyriology is the study of the languages, history, and culture of the people who used the ancient writing system called cuneiform. Cuneiform was used primarily in an area called the Near East, centred on Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and eastern Syria) where cuneiform was invented, but including the Northern Levant (Western Syria and Lebanon), parts of Anatolia, and western Iran. The sources for Assyriology are all archaeological, and include both inscribed and uninscribed objects. Most Assyriologists focus on the rich textual record from the ancient Near East, and specialise in either the study of language, literature, or history of the ancient Near East.
Assyriology began as an academic discipline with the recovery of the monuments of ancient Assyria, and the decipherment of cuneiform, in the middle of the 19th century. Large numbers of archaeological objects, including texts, were brought to museums in Europe and later the US, following the early excavations of Nineveh, Kalhu, Babylon, Girsu, Assur and so forth. Today Assyriology is studied in universities across the globe, both as an undergraduate and a graduate subject, and knowledge from the ancient Near East informs students of numerous other disciplines such as the History of Science, Archaeology, Classics, Biblical studies and more.
What’s new in cdli:wiki?
- At the CleanersAt the Cleaners (return to Old Babylonian Akkadian Literature) Introduction At the Cleaners is a complete text dating to the Old Babylonian period (c.2000-1600 BC). The genre of text is more difficult to establish however, as it appears to belong to a small class of documents created solely for entertainment. Gadd (1963) compares this style of text with a "Dialogue of Pessimism" (see Spieser,
- A Dialogue Between a Man and His GodA Dialogue Between a Man and His God Introduction This text comes from Tablet AO 4462 among a collection of Old Babylonian literary texts at the Louvre. Scholars generally date this text to the late Old Babylonian period, no later than the fall of the First Dynasty of Babylon.
- Proto-cuneiformProto-cuneiform A Short History of Proto-Cuneiform (from: Hans J. Nissen, Peter Damerow and Robert K. Englund, Archaic Bookkeeping [University of Chicago Press: Chicago 1993]) The earliest true script in man's history emerged at the end of the fourth millennium B.C. in ancient Babylonia, the southern part of today's Iraq. The signs of this script were impressed with the aid of a stylus into the still soft surface of clay tablets. Such clay tablets hardened almost immediately in the dry and ho…
- Edzard, Dietz OttoEdzard, Dietz Otto Name Edzard, Dietz Otto Dates 28 August 1930 - 2 June 2004 Specialization Assyriology Major works Die »zweite Zwischenzeit« Babyloniens, Wiesbaden 1957; Sumerische Rechtsurkunden des III. Jarhtausends, München 1968; Altbabylonische Rechts- und Wirtschaftsurkunden aus Tell ed-Der im Iraq Museum