Directly linked to the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative and born with it, cdli:wiki is now a collaborative project of members of the French CNRS team ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), and staff and students in the Faculty of Oriental Studies at the University of Oxford, with contributors in several different countries, involved in researches in history of the ancient Near East. The cdli:wiki is currently funded by the Cluster (LabEx) Pasts in the Present through the project AssyrOnline: Digital Humanities and Assyriologie.
Adossé au programme international Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative et né en même temps que lui, cdli:wiki est un projet d’encyclopédie en ligne et d'outils de recherche assyriologique, qui fait aujourd’hui collaborer des membres de l’équipe française du CNRS ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), et le staff et les étudiants de la Faculty of Oriental Studies de l'Université d'Oxford, avec les contributeurs dans plusieurs autres pays, engagés dans des recherches sur l'histoire du Proche-Orient ancien. Le projet cdli:wiki est financé par le LabEx Les Passés dans le Présent dans le cadre du programme intitulé “AssyrOnline: Humanités numériques et assyriologie”.
Please note that the tools and main encyclopedic articles can be accessed through the menu on the left. Important tools such as lists of year names and eponyms are found under the section “Tools”, sub-section “Chronology & Dates”. Bibliographical ressources, such as Abbreviations for Assyriology, are found under “Bibliographical Tools”.
What is Assyriology?
Assyriology is the study of the languages, history, and culture of the people who used the ancient writing system called cuneiform. Cuneiform was used primarily in an area called the Near East, centred on Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and eastern Syria) where cuneiform was invented, but including the Northern Levant (Western Syria and Lebanon), parts of Anatolia, and western Iran. The sources for Assyriology are all archaeological, and include both inscribed and uninscribed objects. Most Assyriologists focus on the rich textual record from the ancient Near East, and specialise in either the study of language, literature, or history of the ancient Near East.
Assyriology began as an academic discipline with the recovery of the monuments of ancient Assyria, and the decipherment of cuneiform, in the middle of the 19th century. Large numbers of archaeological objects, including texts, were brought to museums in Europe and later the US, following the early excavations of Nineveh, Kalhu, Babylon, Girsu, Assur and so forth. Today Assyriology is studied in universities across the globe, both as an undergraduate and a graduate subject, and knowledge from the ancient Near East informs students of numerous other disciplines such as the History of Science, Archaeology, Classics, Biblical studies and more.
What’s new in cdli:wiki?
- 100 Most Important Cuneiform Objects100 Most Important Cuneiform Objects Inspired by the BBC's A History of the World in 100 Objects we list the one hundred most iconic inscribed objects from the Ancient Near East, objects that we think define the field. We hope that this list will help to engender conversations about these objects, to highlight the importance of cultural heritage protection, and to broaden the appeal of the field.
- Old Babylonian scribal schoolsReturn to Numbers & Metrology in the 2nd millennium Old Babylonian scribal schools Sources: the diagrams below represent data provided by metrological lists and tables from Nippur scribal schools. These sources are available on CDLI (here). Scope: Similar metrology is attested in other Old Babylonian scribal schools. The metrology taught in scribal schools was adopted in a large part of Mesopotamia. However, some minor variants may be observed in some administrative or economic archives fr…
- Middle Babylonian LettersMiddle Babylonian Letters Introduction The Middle Babylonian period (1500-1000) is divided into two successive dynasties: The Kassite dynasty (ca. 1500-1150) and the 2nd Dynasty of Isin (1157-1025). 90% of all the tablets from the Kassite period, amounting to more than 12,000 tablets, come from Nippur. Nippur was a provincial capital and the seat of Enlil, the most important god during the Kassite period.
- The Flood TabletThe Flood Tablet Artifact: Clay tablet Provenience: Nineveh Period: Neo-Assyrian (ca. 911-612 BC) Current location: British Museum, London (K 03375) Text genre, language: Literary; Akkadian CDLI page Description: A Mesopotamian tale of a great flood and one survivor chosen by the Gods, this tablet caused a stir when discovered in the 19th century due to its similarity to the flood narrative in the Hebrew Bible. The Babylonian flood story, found on the eleventh tablet of the Epic of Gilg…