Directly linked to the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative and born with it, cdli:wiki is now a collaborative project of members of the French CNRS team ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), and staff and students in the Faculty of Oriental Studies at the University of Oxford, with contributors in several different countries, involved in researches in history of the ancient Near East. The cdli:wiki is currently funded by the Cluster (LabEx) Pasts in the Present through the project AssyrOnline: Digital Humanities and Assyriologie.
Adossé au programme international Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative et né en même temps que lui, cdli:wiki est un projet d’encyclopédie en ligne et d'outils de recherche assyriologique, qui fait aujourd'hui collaborer des membres de l'équipe française du CNRS ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), et le staff et les étudiants de la Faculty of Oriental Studies de l'Université d'Oxford, avec les contributeurs dans plusieurs autres pays, engagés dans des recherches sur l'histoire du Proche-Orient ancien. Le projet cdli:wiki est financé par le LabEx Les Passés dans le Présent dans le cadre du programme intitulé "AssyrOnline: Humanités numériques et assyriologie".
Please note that the tools and main encyclopedic articles can be accessed through the menu on the left. Important tools such as lists of year names and eponyms are found under the section "Tools", sub-section "Chronology & Dates". Bibliographical ressources, such as Abbreviations for Assyriology, are found under "Bibliographical tools".
What is Assyriology?
Assyriology is the study of the languages, history, and culture of the people who used the ancient writing system called cuneiform. Cuneiform was used primarily in an area called the Near East, centred on Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and eastern Syria) where cuneiform was invented, but including the Northern Levant (Western Syria and Lebanon), parts of Anatolia, and western Iran. The sources for Assyriology are all archaeological, and include both inscribed and uninscribed objects. Most Assyriologists focus on the rich textual record from the ancient Near East, and specialise in either the study of language, literature, or history of the ancient Near East.
Assyriology began as an academic discipline with the recovery of the monuments of ancient Assyria, and the decipherment of cuneiform, in the middle of the 19th century. Large numbers of archaeological objects, including texts, were brought to museums in Europe and later the US, following the early excavations of Nineveh, Kalhu, Babylon, Girsu, Assur and so forth. Today Assyriology is studied in universities across the globe, both as an undergraduate and a graduate subject, and knowledge from the ancient Near East informs students of numerous other disciplines such as the History of Science, Archaeology, Classics, Biblical studies and more.
What’s new in cdli:wiki?
- 100 Most Important Cuneiform Objects100 Most Important Cuneiform Objects Inspired by the BBC's A History of the World in 100 Objects we list the one hundred most iconic inscribed objects from the Ancient Near East, objects that we think define the field. We hope that this list will help to engender conversations about these objects, to highlight the importance of cultural heritage protection, and to broaden the appeal of the field.
- Encylopedic ArticlesEncylopedic Articles On the left hand menu are highlights from the CDLI:wiki Encyclopaedia. Below are the main topics covered here, many of which overlap or interact with topics in the tools section. For example School and Model texts are found in many different genres, literary, letters, and legal texts to mention only a few, and the encyclopaedic article below discusses the use of these texts in education.
- Collections of 100 to 1000 tabletsCollections of 100 to 1000 tablets * Cornell University Library, Ithaca, New York, USA * Hearst Museum of Anthropology, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA * Institut Catholique, Paris, France * Kelsey Museum, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA * Musées royaux d'Art et d'Histoire, Brussels, Belgium * New York Public Library, New York, New York, USA * Archaeological Research Collection, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, …
- Collections of more than 1000 tabletsCollections of more than 1000 tablets * Archeological Museum, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey (currently 464 texts catalogued) * Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK (5,484 texts catalogued) * See Objects on display in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK * Free Library of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (currently 2,913 texts catalogued) * Hilprecht-Sammlung, University of Jena, Germany (currently 1,360 texts catalogued) * Horn Archaeological Museum, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan…