2010 publications

2010

SUN A3

Title: K. Deckers, M. Doll, P. Pfälzner, S. Riehl, Development of the Environment, Subsistence and Settlement of the City of Urkesh and its Region. Studien zur Urbanisierung Nordmesopotamiens. Ausgrabungen 1998 - 201 in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkesh. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 2010.

Keywords:

Abstract:

Teach Yourself

Title: M. Worthington Complete Babylonian Teach Yourself, London, 2010.

Keywords: Akkadian - language learning - Babylonian - grammar

Abstract: The course will introduce you to a fascinating world of gods and demons, heroes and kings. The readings are drawn from myths, letters, law-codes, medical incantations, and other authentic, ancient writings. The language is presented in the Roman alphabet, with an explanation of cuneiform script, and the main features of Assyrian - cognate with Babylonian - are also explained.

The Master of Animals

Title: D. B. Counts and B. Arnold (eds) Master of Animals in Old World Iconography Archaeolingua, Budapest, 2010.

Keywords: iconography - material culture - mediterranean world

Abstract: Old World iconography from the Upper Paleolithic to the Christian era consistently features symbolic representations of both female and male protagonists in confl ict with, accompanied by or transmuted partly or completely into, animals. Adversarial relationships are made explicit through hunting and sacrifi ce scenes, including heraldic compositions featuring a central fi gure grasping beasts arrayed on either side, while more implicit expressions are manifested in zoomorphic attributes (horns, headdresses, skins, etc.) and composite or hybrid fi gures that blend animal and human elements into a single image. While the so-called Mistress of Animals has attracted signifi cant scholarly attention, her male counterpart, the Master of Animals, so far has not been accorded a correspondingly comprehensive synthetic study. In an effort to fi ll this gap in scholarship, The Master of Animals in Old World Iconography assembles archaeological, iconographical, and literary evidence for the Master of Animals from a variety of cultural contexts and disparate chronological horizons throughout the Old World, with a particular focus on Europe and the Mediterranean basin as well as the Indus Valley and Eurasia. The volume does not seek to demonstrate relatedness between different manifestations of this fi gure, even though some are clearly ontologically and geographically linked, but rather to interpret the role of this iconographic construct within each cultural context. In doing so, The Master of Animals in Old World Iconography provides an important resource for scholars confronting similar symbolic paradigms across the Old World landscape that foregrounds comparative interpretation in diverse ritual and socio-political environments. (Table of Contents)

Gilgamesh

Title: H. U. Steymans (ed.) Gilgamesh. Ikonographie eines Helden / Gilgamesh. Epic and Iconography. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 245. Academic Press Fribourg and Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Göttingen, 2010.

Keywords: Gilgamesh - iconography - studies

Abstract: This collection of articles (Table of Contents) has two aims: The first is to create a comprehensive compendium of iconography on Gilgameš. It includes reprints of three formerly published articles by Ruth Opificius (1970), Wilfred G. Lambert (1987) and Dominique Collon (2002). The second aim is to publish some objects of Near Eastern art from the Bible+Orient Collection in Fribourg, which relate to Gilgameš. Seven new papers deal with the visual representation of Gilgameš. Two of them discuss terracotta plaques and cylinder seals from the Bible+Orient Collection. The terms »iconography« and »iconology« have often been used loosely. In order to understand which method the authors of this book apply, an introductory article connects them to the history of the academic disciplines of archaeology and of art history.

Mesopotamian Šuilla Prayers

Title: J. H. Hunt Mesopotamian Šuilla Prayers to Ea, Marduk, and Nabû: Exegetical Studies, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, New York, 2010.

Keywords: ritual - literature - theology

Abstract: First published over a century ago, the "Šuilla" ('Raised-Hand') prayers have received little close study. This book focuses on the hymnic introductions of these multipurpose prayers as theological texts in their own right. The introductory formulae of Suilla prayers seek to secure the deity's attention and favor, and lift the worshiper into the presence of one perceived capable of lending aid. Our study of selected Suillas to Ea, Marduk, and Nabu, begins with a survey of the entire prayer to ascertain the proportion of the prayer dedicated to the opening hymn, and proceeds to an outline of the hymnic section. Within the hymn, we observe the varied terms and phrases used to praise the deity and study their possible meanings in the context of the prayer and the interrelationship between the terms and phrases used and how they elucidate the 'thought flow' of the hymn. We also consider broader levels of relationships in the hymn by looking for thought development line by line and within the hymn as a whole. This approach yields insight into the ways in which these Suilla prayers were constructed and the theology which they communicate.

WVDOG 127

Title: B. Sass, and J. Marzahn Aramaic and Figural Stamp Impressions on Bricks of the Sixth Century B.C. from Babylon, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, 2010.

Keywords: Babylon - material culture - Aramaic

Abstract: The book addresses the 335 Aramaic and figural impressions on bricks of the sixth century B.C., most of them uncovered during the German excavations in 1899-1917. This treasure trove, that remained practically unpublished for a hundred years, is well dated by cuneiform impressions, found on the same bricks, of Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562 B.C.) and his immediate successors. The Aramaic and figural brick impressions close a gap in our knowledge about Aramaic palaeography (the stamp legends are in the monumental script, hitherto poorly documented for the sixth century), contribute to our understanding of the onomasticon and the iconography of the period, and touch upon the history of the Aramaean presence in Babylon and upon the royal building activity there.

Tablets in Jerusalem

Title: T. Ozaki and M. Sigrist, Tablets in Jerusalem: Sainte-Anne and Saint-Étienne. Institute for the History of Ancient Civilizations, Changchun, China, 2010.

Keywords: cuneiform - Ur III

Abstract: The book contains hand copies of Ur III tablets, together with transliterations and indexes from this collection in Jerusalem.

Ebla. La città del trono

Title: P. Matthiae, Ebla. La città del trono. Archeologia e storia, Torino 2010.

Keywords: Ebla - archaeology - history

L'algèbre

Title: J. Høyrup, L'algèbre au temps de Babylone. Quand les Mathématiques s'écrivaient sur de l'argile, Vuibert: Adapt-Snes, 2010.

Keywords: Babylonian - mathematics - algebra

Abstract: The book gives a general introduction to Babylonian mathematics.

Religion in the Emergence of Civilization

Title: I. Hodder (ed.), Religion in the Emergence of Civilization. Çatalhöyük as a Case study. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2010.

Keywords: religion - ritual - Çatalhöyük - neolithic

Abstract: This book presents an interdisciplinary study of the role of spirituality and religious ritual in the emergence of complex societies. Involving an eminent group of natural scientists, archaeologists, anthropologists, philosophers, and theologians, this volume examines Çatalhöyük as a case study. A nine-thousand-year old town in central Turkey, Çatalhöyük was first excavated in the 1960s and has since become integral to understanding the symbolic and ritual worlds of the early farmers and village-dwellers in the Middle East. It is thus an ideal location for exploring theories about the role of religion in early settled life. This book provides a unique overview of current debates concerning religion and its historical variations. Through exploration of themes including the integration of the spiritual and the material, the role of belief in religion, the cognitive bases for religion, and religion's social roles, this book situates the results from Çatalhöyük within a broader understanding of the Neolithic in the Middle East.

Identity in the Ancient World

Title: H. Liss and M. Oeming (eds) Literary Construction of Identity in the Ancient World. Proceedings of the Conference Literary Fiction and the Construction of Identity in Ancient Literatures: Options and Limits of Modern Literary Approaches in the Exegesis of Ancient Texts, Heidelberg, July 10-13, 2006. Eisenbrauns: Winona Lake, 2010.

Keywords: exegesis - interdisplinary - ancient texts

Abstract: Encountering an ancient text not only as a historical source but also as a literary artifact entails an important paradigm shift, which in recent years has taken place in classical and Oriental philology. Biblical scholars, Egyptologists, and classical philologists have been pioneers in supplementing traditional historical-critical exegesis with more-literary approaches. This has led to a wealth of new insights. While the methodological consequences of this shift have been discussed within each discipline, until recently there has not been an attempt to discuss its validity and methodology on an interdisciplinary level. In 2006, the Faculty of Bible and Biblical Interpretation at the Hochschule für Jüdische Studien, Heidelberg, and the Faculty of Theology at the University of Heidelberg invited scholars from the U.S., Canada, the Netherlands, Israel, and Germany to examine these issues. Under the title “Literary Fiction and the Construction of Identity in Ancient Literatures: Options and Limits of Modern Literary Approaches in the Exegesis of Ancient Texts,” experts in Egyptology, classical philology, ancient Near Eastern studies, biblical studies, Jewish studies, literary studies, and comparative religion came together to present current research and debate open questions.

At this conference, each representative (from a total of 23 different disciplines) dealt with literary theory in regard to his or her area of research. The present volume organizes 17 of the resulting essays along 5 thematic lines that show how similar issues are dealt with in different disciplines (Table of Contents)): (1) Thinking of Ancient Texts as Literature, (2) The Identity of Authors and Readers, (3) Fiction and Fact, (4) Rereading Biblical Poetry, and (5) Modeling the Future by Reconstructing the Past. Barbara N. Porter deals with inscriptions commissioned by the Neo-Assyrian king Ashur-nasir-pal II.

SAOC 63

Title: R. A. Carter and G. Philip (eds) Beyond the Ubaid. Transformation and Integration in the Late Prehistoric Societies of the Middle East. Papers from the Ubaid Expansion? Cultural Meaning, Identity and the Lead-up to Urbanism, International Workshop held at Grey College, University of Durham, 20–22 April 2006. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 63, Chicago. (PDF at http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/pubs/catalog/saoc/saoc63.html)

Keywords: Ubaid - expansion

Abstract: Originally coined to signify a style of pottery in southern Iraq, and by extension an associated people and a chronological period, the term "Ubaid" is now often used loosely to denote a vast Near Eastern interaction zone, characterized by similarities in material culture, particularly ceramic styles, which existed during the sixth and fifth millennia B.C. This zone extended over 2,000 km from the shores of the Mediterranean to the Straits of Hormuz, including parts of Anatolia and perhaps even the Caucasus. The volume contains twenty-three papers that explore what the "Ubaid" is, how it is identified, and how the Ubaid in one location compares to another in a distant location.

The papers (table of contents: http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/pubs/catalog/saoc/saoc63.html) are the result of The Ubaid Expansion? Cultural Meaning, Identity and the Lead-up to Urbanism, an International Workshop held at Grey College, University of Durham, 20-22 April 2006.

Studien zur Musikarchäologie VII

Title: R. Eichmann, E. Hickmann and L.-C. Koch (eds) Studien zur Musikarchäologie VII. Musikalische Wahrnehmung in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart. Ethnographische Analogien in der Musikarchäologie / Musical Perceptions – Past and Present. On Ethnographic Analogy in Music Archaeology (Papers from the 6th Symposium of the International Study Group on Music Archaeology at the Ethnological Museum, State Museums Berlin, 09–13 September, 2008). Orient-Archäologie 25, Rahden/Westfalen.

Keywords: Music - archeology - perception - ethnography

Abstract: The volume contains 24 contributions (link to table of contents) dealing with new finds, the ethnographic aspects of music archeology, its connection to experimental archeology and the Media. The studies cover a broad range of topics and cultures.

Who Was King? Who Was Not King?

Title: P. Charvát and P. M. Vlčková (eds) Who Was King? Who Was Not King?. Prague.

Keywords: kingship

Abstract: The volume contains 12 contributions (link to table of contents) dealing, in particular, with kingship and ruling class in Mesopotamia.

Johnson, Unaccusativity

Title: J. Cale Johnson, Unaccusativity and the double object construction in Sumerian, Neue Beihefte zur Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 7 (Herausgegeben am Institut für Orientalistik der Universität Wien von Rüdiger Lohlker, Markus Köhbach, Stephan Procházka, Gisela Procházka-Eisl und Gebhard J. Selz), Wien 2010.

Keywords: Sumerian grammar - unaccusativity

Abstract: Sumerian, probably the earliest attested language in human history, has no known cognates. Accordingly, many features of Sumerian grammar are still under discussion. Up to now research has focused primarily on questions of Sumerian phonology and morphology. In the present study the author concentrates on syntactic or pragmatic phenomena, especially on the referential properties of the nominal component of certain so-called compound verbs, the unaccusativity contrast, and the possibility of generic quantification in the double object construction.

Fales, Guerre et paix en Assyrie

Title: F. M. Fales, Guerre et paix en Assyrie. Religion et impérialisme. Les Conférences de l'École Pratique des Hautes Études, Cerf Paris 2010.

Keywords: Assyria - war - peace - Imperialism - religion

Abstract: The volume is based on several lectures given by F. M. Fales in Paris and thus divided into four parts. The first chapter highlights the available documentation about the Neo-Assyrian empire. Chapter 2 deals with the organisation of the army, followed by a discussion of the military campaigns and finally the outcomes of the wars.

Höpflinger, Schlangenkampf

Title: A.-K. Höpflinger, Schlangenkampf. Ein Vergleich von ausgewählten Bild- und Textquellen aus dem griechisch-römischen und dem altorientalischen Kulturraum. Theologischer Verlag Zürich 2010.

Keywords: texts - iconography - deity - snake (monster) - combat - Marduk - Tiamat - Enuma elish

Abstract: The book gives an overview of textual and iconographical attestations about the fight of deities against snakes and snake monster. Chapter IV deals, in particular, with Marduk's combat against Tiamat.

Dresdner Beiträge zur Hethitologie 29

Title: T. Zehnder, Die hethitischen Frauennamen. Katalog und Interpretation. Dresdner Beiträge zur Hethitologie 29, Harrassowitz Verlag: Wiesbaden 2010.

Keywords: prosopography - names - women - catalogue - interpretation

Abstract: In this book approx. 500 female names are collected that appear in Hittite cuneiform texts, texts from Kültepe and in Luwian hieroglyphic inscriptions. The author includes additional data to the attestations and their prosopography. Furthermore, the book contains a morphological and semantic analysis of the respective names.

"Bird and Fish"

Title: S. Herrmann, Vogel und Fisch – Ein sumerisches Rangstreitgespräch. Textedition und Kommentar. Philologia. Sprachwissenschaftliche Forschungsergebnisse 145, Hamburg 2010.

Keywords: Bird and Fish - Sumerian - literature - dialogue

Abstract: The book contains an edition of the Sumerian debate between "Bird and Fish" (link to ETCSL). After a short introduction to this text genre in Sumerian literature the author provides a score (pp. 104ff.) and a translation based on a composite text (pp. 148ff.). A philological commentary follows on pp. 176ff. In the appendix several manuscripts are autographed.

Magie et Divination

Title: J.-M. Durand and A. Jacquet (eds), Magie et Divination dans les cultures de l'Orient. Actes du colloque organisé par l'Institut du Proche-Orient ancien du Collège de France la Société Asiatique et le CNRS (UMR 7192) les 19 et 20 juin 2008 Paris - Collége de France. Cahiers de l'Institut du Proche-Orient Ancien du Collège de France III, Librairie d'Amérique et d'Orient: Paris 2010.

Keywords: magic - divination - proceedings

Abstract: The contributions in this volume cover many aspects of magic and divination in the Ancient Near Eastern cultures, from the Mediterranean to India and China.

Tell Chuera

Title: J.-W. Meyer (ed., with contribution by J.-W. Meyer, R. Hempelmann, C. Falb, B. Weninger, R. Neef, E. Vila and J. Wahl), Vorbericht zu den Grabungskampagnen 1998 bis 2005. Vorderasiatische Forschungen der Max Freiherr von Oppenheim-Stiftung. Band 2. Ausgrabungen auf dem Tell Chuera in Nordost-Syrien, Teil II. Harrassowitz Verlag: Wiesbaden 2010.

Keywords: Tell Chuera - Chuwera - Syria - archaeological report

Abstract: The volume contains a preliminary report on the excavations undertaken in Tell Chuwera between 1998 and 2005. While previous excavations concentrated on the large-scale investigations of the settlements dating to the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, the present book focuses on the development of the settlement in the 3rd millennium BC.

Archaemenid Impact

Title: J. Nieling and E. Rehm (eds) Achaemenid Impact in the Black Sea. Communication of Powers, Black Sea Studies 11, Aarhus University Press 2010.

Keywords: Achaemenid - Black Sea - Persian culture

Abstract: For 200 years, from the second half of the 6th century BC to the decades before 330 BC, the Persian dynasty of the Achaemenids ruled an enormous empire stretching from the Mediterranean to Afganistan and India. The Great Kings Dareios I and Xerxes I even tried to conquer Greece and the northern Black Sea, but failed. Why were they interested in the Pontic area? In contrast to rich satrapies, such as Egypt, Phoenicia, and Syria, the Black Sea had no prosperous cities to offer. After 479 BC, the Persians acknowledged that the coast and Caucasus formed the natural borders of the empire. Nevertheless, the satraps became involved in the affairs of the Black Sea region in order to safeguard the empire's frontiers. The local inhabitants of the region became bearers and transmitters of Persian culture. (Table of Contents and Introduction)

Fs. Joan Goodnick Westenholz

Title: W. Horowitz, U. Gabbay and F. Vukosavović (eds) A Woman of Valor: Jerusalem Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honor of Joan Goodnick Westenholz. Biblioteca del Próximo Oriente Antiguo 8, Concejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas: Madrid 2010.

Keywords: Festschrift

Abstract: The volume is dedicated to Joan Goodnick Westenholz and contains 15 contributions that focus on different aspects of ancient Near Eastern studies, both philological and archaeological/art-historical (Table of Contents).

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