The Sumerian phrase PN u3-na-a-du11, found at the begining of most letters, is equivalent to Akkadian ana PN qibî-ma, “say to PN”. When there are more than one recipient the dative pre-fix of the verbal-chain will mostly take the plural form. However, this is not entirely consistent. A Sumerian noun u3-na-a-du11 (norminalized or frozen verb) is attested as a word for a physical letter.

Text ID Adress -na- / -ne-
AuOr 17-18, 218 01 igi-zu-bar-ra u3 ur-dnun-gal u3-ne-a-du11
Fs Gordon 1 131 1 ur-ITI.E2-mu u3 ur-sukkal u3-na-a-du11
ITT 5, 6975 ku3-nin-a-na u3 lugal-amar-ku3-ra u3-ne-a-du11
MVN 3, 350 lu2-dsuen u3 AN-sa6-ga u3-na-a-du11
OrAnt. 7, 169 01 lu2-dutu u3 ur-dnansze-ra u3-ne-a-du11
TCS 1, 19 a-mu u3 ur-šu-ga-lam-ma-<ra> u3-na-du11
TCS 1, 50 da-a-mu u3 ur-dlama-ra u3-ne-a-du11
TCS 1, 68 gu3-de2-a u3 ur-dlama-ra u3-na-a-du11
TCS 1, 72 gu-du-du u3 lu2-dha-ia3 u3-na-a-du11
TCS 1, 75 hi-[li-mu] u3 […] u3-na-a-[du11]

When there is only a single recipient, the verbal form is exclusively written with the –na- prefix. This strongly suggests that the –na- / -ne- variation still had meaning during the Ur III period (indicating singular versus plural dative object).

Return to Ur III Letters

addressee.txt · Last modified: 2014/12/02 15:21 by lafont
CC Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International
Driven by DokuWiki Recent changes RSS feed Valid CSS Valid XHTML 1.0