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Year Names of Samsu-iluna

year year name translation
1* mu us2-sa sahar zimbir{ki} Year after the year earth (was heaped up) for (the city wall of) Sippar (BM 81678)
1a mu zimbir{ki} u3 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal Year (the earth for) Sippar and year Samsu-iluna (became) king (ZATH 5: 32, JCS 5 98)
1b mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e da-ga / du11-du11-ga zi-da {d}marduk-ka-ta nam-en-bi kur-kur-ra pa-e3 ba-ak-a ki-en-gi ki-uri kalam gan2-bi si bi2-in-sa2-sa2 Year Samsu-iluna the king at the trustworthy command of Marduk made his rule manifest over the mountain lands and put in order the land and the field (accounts) of Sumer and Akkad (Or 53 29)
2* mu us2-sa-a-bi mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal Year after the year Samsu-iluna (became) king
2a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e sze-ga dingir gal-gal-e-ne ama-ar-gi / ama-ar-gi4 ki-en-gi / ki-en-gi6 ki-uri i-ni-in-gar-ra sza3 ma-da du10 mu-ni-in-du10-du10 ni3-si-sa2 pa-e3 bi2-in-ak Year Samsu-iluna the king obedient to the great gods brought about the freedom of Sumer and Akkad, made the heart of the good land exceedingly glad and made justice appear (Or 53 29)
2b mu amar-kin u2-re-esz Year (Samsu-iluna) set freedom (CT 48 35)
3 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e ki in-gub-ba ni3 u4-ul-li2-a-ta ba-szub-ba id2-sa-am-su-i-lu-na-na-ga-ab-nu-hu-usz-ni-szi mu-un-ba-al-la sza3 ma-da gan2 dagal im-ta-an-e3-a bar? kalam e3-a kur-kur-ra Year in which Samsu-iluna the king dug the canal (called) 'Samsu-iluna is source of abundance for all the people' whose course was neglected since long time and brought forth / out in the heart of the land broad areas of fields and thus made surpass the land over all foreign countries (Or 53 29)
4a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e id2-sa-am-su-i-lu-na-he2-gal2 mu-un-ba-al ki-gub-ba … {d} … … mi-ni-in-gar-gar-ra Year in which Samsu-iluna the king dug the canal (called) 'Samsu-iluna brings abundance' and established its course (Or 53 29, BBVO 1 22)
4b mu id2-edin-na id2-he2-gal2-la mu-ba-al-la Year in which (Samsu-iluna) dug the eden-canal (called 'Samsu-iluna-)canal brings abundance' (RlA 2 182, 150)
5 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {gisz}gu-za ku3-sig17 nesag-ga2 ka2-dingir-ra{ki} / ka2-dingir-ra2{ki} {d}nanna dingir sag-du-ga-ni-ra mu-un-na-an-dim2-ma e2-kisz-nu-gal2-la sikil-la-ka-na mi-ni-in-ri-a / in-nu-gal2 Year in which Samsu-iluna the king made as a gift / an offering to Nanna of Babylon his divine begetter a throne in gold and dedicated it in the temple Ekisznugal, his pure place (RlA 2 182, 150, BM 82136)
6a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {d}utu {d}marduk-e-ne-bi-da-ra ni3-dim2-dim2-ma-bi al-in-na-an-gu3-usz-am3 alan szud3-szud3-de3 dingir-lamma ku3-sig17 didli-bi-ta ni2 … hub2 ab-sa2-sa2-de3 e2-babbar igi {d}utu-sze3 e2-sag-il2 igi {d}marduk-sze3 i-ni-in-ku4-re ki-gub-ba-ne-ne mi-ni-in-gi-na Year in which Samsu-iluna the king brought before Szamasz into (the temple) Ebabbar and before Marduk in (the temple) Esagil … .. statues (of the king) in the attitude of prayer and various protective deities in gold for Szamasz and Marduk who both had requested wrought objects and set them up at their place (RlA 2 182, 151, Or 53 29))
6b mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e alan {d}marduk za-gin3-na i3-szud3-de3 Year Samsu-iluna the king (brought before Szamasz into the temple Ebabbar and before Marduk in the temple Esagil) statues for Marduk (representing the king) in the attitude of prayer and made out of precious stones (BM 27792)
7 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {gisz}tukul szu-nir mah gal ni3-babbar-ra ku3-sig17 ku3-babbar gar-ra me-te e2-e-ke4 {d}marduk-ra a mu-na-ru-a e2-sag-il2-la-ke4 e2-{d}marduk mul an-gim mi-ni-in-mul-la-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king dedicated to Marduk a brillantly magnificent weapon-emblem covered with gold and silver, an ornament suitable for the temple and made it shine in (the temple) Esagil, the temple of Marduk, like a star of heaven (RlA 2 182, 152, Or 53 29))
8a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {urudu}ki-lugal-gub-ba ku3-babbar hur-sag id2-didli-bi-ta he2-nun he2-gal2-bi tum3-tum3 ki-gub-ba-ne-ne kisal-mah e2-tur3-kalam-ma igi an {d}inanna-ka-sze3 u6-di-sze3 mu-un-gi-na-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king made royal plateforms in copper with representations of a mountain and streams which bring plenty and abundance and fixed their place for the marvel (of the people) in the large courtyard of the Eturkalama in front of An and Inanna (RlA 2 182, 153, Or 53 29; BM 85330)
8b szanat sza-de-e u3 na-ra-tim Year (Hammu-rabi the king made a royal plateform in copper and an altar representing) mountains and rivers (RlA 2 182, 153)
9* mu us2-sa sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {urudu}ki-lugal-gub-ba hur-sag Year after the year Samsu-iluna the king made a royal plateform in copper (representing) mountains (and rivers) (TCL 1 128, BM 78773)
9 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e ugnim / eren2 ka-asz-szu-u2{ki} ki-is-ki-is a2-bi ib2-ta-sir2-ra Year in which Samsu-iluna the king (defeated) the totality of the strength of the army / the troops of the Kassites (RlA 2 182, 154)
10 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e usu mah {d}marduk-ka-ta ugnim / eren2 e-da-ma-ra-az{ki} / i-da-ma-ra-az{ki} ia-mu-ut-ba-lum{ki} unug{ki} i3-si-in-na{ki} {gisz}tukul ba-an-sig3 / {gisz}gaz bi2-in-ak-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king with the great strength of Marduk smote with weapons the troops of Idamaras, Emutbal, Uruk and Isin (RlA 2 183, 155)
11a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e du11-ga an {d}en-lil2-la2-bi-ta / {d}en-lil2-la2-bi-da bad3 ur2i{ki} u3 unug{ki}-ga mu-un-gul-la ugnim ki-uri a-ra2 []-kam {gisz}tukul-ta in-sig3-ge Year Samsu-iluna the king by the order of An and Enlil destroyed the city walls of Ur and Uruk and for the x-th time smote by weapons the troops of Akkad (RlA 2 183, 156)
11b mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal bad3 gal ur2i{ki} ba-du3 u3 larsa{ki} mu-un-gul Year Samsu-iluna the king built the large city wall of Ur and destroyed Larsa (UET 5 268)
12 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e kur gu2-si-a an-ga-am3 mu-un-da-bal-esz-am3 usu mah {d}marduk-ke4 mu-un-na-an-sum-ma-ta ugnim ki-en-gi ki-uri {gisz}tukul-ta bi2-in-sig3-ga Year in which Samsu-iluna the king by the mighty strength given by Marduk, after having conquered all the enemy lands which had again become hostile, defeated the troops of Sumer and Akkad (TIM 4 22)
13a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e inim {d}en-lil2-la2-ta ki-sur-ra{ki} sa-bu-um{ki}-bi-da-ke4 ka-si-il-la2-asz bi2-in-ku4-ra Year in which Samsu-iluna the king by the command of Enlil brought Kisurra and Sabum to praise (RlA 2 183, 158)
13b mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal ki-sur-ra{ki} sa-bu-um mu-un-gul-la Year in which Samsu-iluna the king destroyed Kisurra and Sabum
14 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e nam-a2-gal2 gal-la-ne-ta lugal ni2-gi / ni2-gi4 / ni2-gi5 / ni2-gi16 gu2-bar-ra lu2 ki-uri-ke4 ib2-ta-bal-bal-e-esz-a {gisz}tukul-bi-ne sag gisz bi2-in-ra-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king with great power smote with his weapons the hateful king(s) who had brought the people of Akkad to revolt (BIN 7 188)
15a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e bad3 i3-si-in-na{ki} ba-gul-la ki-bi-sze3 bi2-in-gi4-a gi?-a … bi2-in-tusz-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king restored the destroyed wall of Isin and made (its people) to live there (RlA 2 183, 160)
15b mu bad3 i3-si-in-na{ki} ba-gul-la szu gibil bi2-in-ge-esz-a ki-bi-sze3 bi2-in-gi-a bi2-in-du3-a Year in which (Samsu-iluna) restored the destroyed wall of Isin and built it anew
16 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e bad3 an-da sa2-a zimbir{ki} ni3-du7-e u4-na-me-ka sig4 … sza3-ge tum2-am3 {d}utu? mu-un-du3-a ni2 gal-a-ni … bi2-… Year in which Samsu-iluna the king having built for the pleasure of the heart of Szamasz the wall of Sippar that equals heaven which since long time (has not be restored), in his great fear … (ARN 100)
17 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e bad3-didli gal-gal-la e-mu-ut-ba-lum{ki} ba-gul-lu-usz-a ki-bi-sze3 bi2-in-gi4-a bi2-in-du3-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king restored the great destroyed fortifications of Emutbal and built them anew (RlA 2 183, 162)
18 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e e2-babbar-ra e2-{d}utu-ke4 zimbir{ki}-ta szu gibil bi2-in-ak-a u6-nir-ra gi-gun4-na mah-a-ni sag-bi an-sze3 mi-ni-in-us2-sa / szu-nir i-ni-in-ku4-re Year Samsu-iluna the king restored the Ebabbar, the temple of Szamasz in Sippar, and made the top of his zikkurat, of the magnificent sanctuary, reach heaven, (and) brought an emblem (into it) (RlA 2 183, 163)
19 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {gisz}gu-za bara2 ku3-sig17 2-na-bi / min-na-bi {d}marduk {d}zar-pa-ni-tum-bi-da-ke4 in-ne-szi-in-dim2-ma Year in which Samsu-iluna the king made two throne daises in gold for Marduk and Zarpanitum (RlA 2 183, 164; ROM 2047)
20 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e lugal sag-kal kur nu sze-ga-ni bi2-in-si3-si3-ga u3 ugnim ma-da asz2-nun-na{ki} sag gisz bi2-in-ra-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king, the responsible king, subdued the country not obedient to him and smote with weapons the army of the land of Esznunna (PBS 5 100 I: 12-15)
21 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {gisz}gu-za zag bara2 gu-la ku3-sig17-ta mul an-gim mul-mul-la {d}nin-gal-ra mu-un-na-an-dim2-ma Year in which Samsu-iluna the king made for Ningal a large throne dais in gold with arms which shines like a star of heaven (RlA 2 183, 166)
22* mu us2-sa gu-za bara2 gu-la Year after the year the great throne dais
22 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e u6-nir ki-dur2 mah {d}za-ba4-ba4 {d}inanna-bi-da-ke4 16 alan-bi szu gibil bi2-in-ak-am3 Year in which Samsu-iluna the king restored the zikkurat, the magnificent dwelling place of Zababa and Inanna, and its 16 statues (Haverford Symposium 3; RlA 2 184, 167)
23 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e usu gir3-ra {d}en-lil2-le mu-un-na-an-sum-ma-ta / mu-un-na-an-gar bad3 sza-ah-na-a{ki} uru{ki} sag ma-da a-pu-um-ma za-ar-ha-nu-um{ki} pu-ut-ra{ki} szu-sza-a{ki} ma …-la?-si mi-ne-eb2-gul-gul-la Year in which Samsu-iluna the king by the terrible strength given to him by Enlil destroyed the wall of Szahna, the capital of the land of Apum, Zarhanum, Putra, Susa … (RlA 2 184, 168; CT 8 32a)
24a zag-ge eren2-bi sig3-ge kur-kur-ra umun szu ak Year Samsu-iluna the king, the king who rules in wisdom, built on the banks of the Euphrates the city wall of Kisz whose splendour covers the enemy countries and he erected Dur-Samsu-iluna in the land of Warum on the banks of the canal (called) 'Turran (Diyala) ' and the wall of Har destroyed by their army he reenforced it against the foreign lands (RlA 2 184, 169)
24b mu bad3 gal kisz{ki} Year the great city wall of Kisz (BM 81080)
25* mu us2-sa a2 … bad3 har{ki} zag-ge eren2-bi sig3-ge kur-kur-ra umun szu ak Year after the year (Samsu-iluna) by the help … the wall of Har destroyed by their army, he reenforced it against the foreign lands
25a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {urudu}alan {gisz}tukul ku3-sig17 husz-a sig3-ge me-gim nam-ur-sag-ga2-ka-na ki sag il2-la mu-un-na-an-dim2-ma Year in which Samsu-iluna the king made and erected a copper statue covered with redish gold (representing him) holding like a hero a weapon (sign of) his divine powers (ARN 102)
25b mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal alan-a-ni nam-ur-sag Year in which Samsu-iluna the king (erected) his statue as an hero (YBC 12222)
26 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e hur-sag gal kur mar-tu{ki}-a 1-1/2 ninda 4 kusz3 10-da-bi-sze3 {na4}sag-gi-a-a-ba nam mi-ni-in-dar-ra id2-sa-am-su-i-lu-na-na-ga-ab-nu-uh2-szi masz2-bi sza3 ambar-ta mi-ni-bal-e musz3-a-ka sza mu-un-la2-a ki in-gub dagal-la-ta im-ta-an-e3-a gan2 zi ka2-dingir-ra{ki}-ka szu mi-ni-in-pesz-pesz-a … mi-ni-in-gar-gar-ra Year in which Samsu-iluna the king cut in the great mountains of the land of Amurru … stones measuring 1 1/2 gar 4 kusz 10 (fingers) (i. e. ca. 11 1/3 m); (he) directed the fullness of the canal (called) 'Samsu-iluna (brings) fullness of abundance' from the heart of a reed swamp to have it flow along a broad course and made the cultivated land of Babylon luxuriant, establishing plenty (RlA 2 184, 171)
27 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e ni3-babbar-ra / ni3-bir2-bir2-ra siskur2-ra me-te a2-ki-te / a2-ki-tum ul szar2-ra-kam ki-la2-bi 10 gu2 ku3-babbar u3-tu-da dadag-ga {d}iszkur ka2-dingir-ra{ki}-sze3 mu-un-na-dim2 en gizkim-ti-la-ni szud3-da-ni gisz bi2-in-tuk-a nam-ti-la-ni-sze3 a mu-na-ru-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king dedicated for his life to Adad of Babylon his lord who helps and who listens to his supplications the most splendid offering such as is suitable for the feast of the joy of the new year, a brilliant image of silver, 10 talents in weight (RlA 2 184, 172)
28 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e a2-ag2-ga2 {d}en-lil2-la2-ka / {d}en-lil2-la2-ta nam-ku3-zu nam-a2-gal2-bi-ta-a {d}marduk-ke4 mu-un-na-sum-ma-ta ja-di-a-bu-um / ja-di-ha-bu-um u3 mu-ti-hu-ur-sza-na hur-sag-gim lugal-lugal-la an-da-kur2-usz-a szita2 husz-a-na {gisz}hasz-a szu-ni in-ne-en-ak-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king by the command of Enlil, by the wisdom and strength given by Marduk, crushed like a mountain with his terrifying szita-weapon and his mace the hostile kings Iadihabum and Mutihurszan (RlA 2 184, 173, BE 6-2 79 a)
29 mu us2-sa / mu gibil sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e a2-ag2-ga2 {d}en-lil2-la2 ja-di-a-bu-um u3 mu-ti-hu-ur-sza-na szita2 husz-a-na {gisz}hasz-a szu-ni bi2-in-ak-a Year after the year in which Samsu-iluna the king by the command of Enlil crushed Iadihabum and Mutihurszan with his terrifying szita-weapon and the mace (RlA 2 185, 174)
30 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e us2-sa us2-sa-bi / gibil 2-kam-ma / sza egir mu ki a2-ag2-ga2 {d}en-lil2-la2 Second year after the year Samsu-iluna the king by the command of Enlil (RlA 2 185, 175, BM 78951A)
31* mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal mu us2-sa 3-kam-ma / us2-sa egir gibil 2 a2-ag2-ga2 {d}en-lil2-la2 Third year after the year Samsu-iluna the king by the command of Enlil (RlA 2 185, 176)
31 mu alan-a-ni {na4}gisz-nu11-gal-la-ke4 / {na4}nim mu … / {gisz}tukul ku3-sig17 husz-a Year (Samsu-iluna) his alabaster statue … a weapon in redish gold (RlA 2 185, 176, BE 6-2 78 31)
32a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e gu2 id2-dur-ul3-la2 u3 id2-tya3-ba-an mu-un-ba-al Year Samsu-iluna the king dug the banks of Turran / Turnat (Diyala) and the Tyaban (RlA 2 185, 177)
32b mu id2-adab{ki} u3 id2-tya-ba-an Year the canal of Adab and Tyaban (BM 22605)
33 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e du11-du11-ga {d}utu {d}marduk-bi-da-ta uru sag-gar-ra-tum{ki}-ma / sa-gar-ra-tum{ki}-ma sig4 kilib3-ba ki-bi-sze3 in-ne-en-gi4-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king at the command of Szamasz and Marduk restored completely all the brickwork of the city of Saggaratu (RlA 2 185, 178)
34 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e e2-gal nam-nun-na e2 he2-du7 ki-dur2-nam-lugal-la-na mu-un-du3-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king built the palace of his princeship, a house suitable for his royal dwelling (RlA 2 185, 179)
35 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e a-ma-al{ki} ar-ku-um{ki} masz-gan2-lugal{ki} bad3-da ni3-gul-la Year in which Samsu-iluna the king (restored) the broken parts of the city walls of Amal, Arkum and Maszkan-szarrum (RlA 2 185, 180)
36 mu eren2 kur mar-tu-a / kur hur-sag-ga2-ka i3-ba!-sub2-be-esz-a Year in which he subdued the army of the land of the Amorites, the lands of the mountains (RlA 2 185, 181, BM 97019A)
37 mu ma-da ki-uri-a-ma dal-ba-na hur-sag ebih{ki} Year the land of Akkad and the territory between there and the Ebih range (RlA 2 185, 182)
38 mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e {d}ud-ba-nu-il2-la szita2 kalag-ga {d}nin-urta ur-sag gal in-na-an-gibil-a Year in which Samsu-iluna the king restored the Udbanuil, the strong szita-weapon of the mighty heros Ninurta (RlA 2 185, 183)
a mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal da-am-gur-ti lu Year Samsu-iluna the king …
b mu sa-am-su-i-lu-na lugal-e ki-in-du ni3-ul-li2-ta da-ru-… Year Samsu-iluna the king … (BE 6.2 63)
C mu sa-im sa-am-su-i-lu-na alan-a-ni Year Samsu-iluna his statue (JCS 13 46g, YOS 13 150)

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