Old Babylonian Akkadian Literature

Before the Muses

This lists enumerates "The Classical Period" materials as described in Before the Muses: An Anthology of Akkadian Literature, 3rd. ed. (CDL Press, 2005).

In Praise of Deities

II.1 To Ishtar (pp. 85-88) = Thureau-Dangin, RA 22 (1925), 170-171 II.2 To Nanay (pp. 89-92) = Zimmern, VS 10 215

II.3 To Papulegarra (pp. 93-94) = Pinches, JRAS Centenary Supplement (1924), pl. vi-ix after p. 72

II.4 Self-praise of Ishtar (p. 95) = Zimmern, VS 10 213

II.5 The Agushaya Poem (pp. 96-106) = Zimmern, VS 10 214; Scheil, RA 15 (1918), 174-182

B. Legends of Akkadian Kings

II.6 Legends Of Sargon

II.7 Legends of Naram-Sin

  • (a) The Seige of Apishal (pp. 115-117) = (Güterbock)-Pinches, AfO 13 (1939/41), pl. I-II after p. 47, partial copy only; new copy by Finkel privately communicated
C. Kings Of Babylonia And Their Times

II.8 Sin-Kashid, King of Uruk (p. 122-123) = van Dijk in H. Lenzen, ed., Abhandlungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft Nr. 5, XVIII, vorläufiger Bericht über die Deutschen Archälogischen Institut und der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft aus Mitteln der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft unternommenen ausgrabungen in Uruk Warka (Berlin, 1960), plate 28c (Photo, 20d-f)

II.9 Naram-Sin, King of Eshnunna (pp. 124-125) = W.G. Lambert, BiOr 30 (1973), 359-360

II.10 Hammurabi, King of Babylon (pp. 126-135) = Scheil, MDP 4 (1902), pl. 4, 14, 15; Nougayrol, RA 45 (1951), 79; Wiseman, JSS 7 (1962), 164-165

II.11 Will Hammurabi Be Victorious (pp. 138-139) = J. Black, D.J. Wiseman, CTN 4 63, 1-23

II.12 Samsuiluna, King of Babylon (pp. 140-142) = Stephens, YOS 9 35; Langdon in Watelin and Langdon, Excavations at Kish III, pl. XII; Gurney, Studies Finkelstein, 97, 1924-1945

D. The Human Condition

II.13 A Dialogue Between a Man and His God (p. 148-150) = Nougayrol, Revue biblique 59 (1952), pl. vii and viii

II.14 At the Cleaners (pp. 151-152) = Gadd, UET 6/2 414

II.15 Lament For a City (pp. 153-154) = UET 6/2 403

II.16 The Faithful Lover (pp. 155-159) = von Soden, ZA 49 (1950), 168-169

E. Love Lyrics

II.17 Nanay and Muati (pp. 160-161) = W.G. Lambert, MIO 12 (1966), plates after p. 48

II.18 Nanay and Rim-Sin (pp. 162-164) = Hussey-van Dijk, YOS 11 24

II.19 Love Songs

F. Incantations

II.20 Birth and Childhood

II.21 Against Lamashtu

II.22 Against Demons

  • (a) A Demon (p. 175) = Thureau-Dangin, RA 36 (1939), 12

II.23 Against Disease, Discomfort, Unwanted Feelings

  • (i) Against Arousal (p. 186) = van Dijk, TIM 9 72; compare Finkel, ZA 75 (1985), 184 = Gadd, UET 6/2 399

II.24 Against Witchcraft (p. 188) = Beckman, ASJ 18 (1996), 21

II.25 The World Around

  • (b2) Dogbite (p. 191) = Böhl, BiOr 11 (1954), pl. II = LB 2001
  • (b3) Be Born Again (p. 191) = Böhl, BiOr 11 (1954), pl. II = LB 1001

II.26 Love Charms

  • (b) Look At Me! (pp. 201-206) = Wilcke, ZA 75 (1985), photo opposite p. 208
G. Prayers

II.27 Nocturnal Prayers of Diviners

II.28 Diurnal Prayers of the Diviners

  • (b) The Lamb (pp. 212-213) = Hussey-van Dijk, YOS 11 23 (manuscript A); Nougayrol, RA 38 (1941), 87 (AO 7032) (manuscript B)
H. Letters and Letter Prayers

II.29 Kussulu to the Moon-God (pp. 215-216) = Gadd, UET 6/2 402

II.30 Ur-Nanshe to Ninsianna (p. 217) = Thureau-Dangin, TCL I 9 = Kraus, AbB 5 (1972), 140

II.31 Apil-Adad to “God my Father” (p. 218) = Lutz, YOS 2 141

II.32 Ninurta-Qarrad to Ninmug (p. 219) = van Soldt, AbB 13 164

II.33 Ahushunu to the Guardian of Life (p. 220) = Dossin, Akkadica 6 (1978), plate I

II.34 Scribal Petitions and Exercises

  • (b) A Ghost's Entreaty (pp. 223-224) = S. Dalley, The Old Babylonian Tablets from Tell Rimah (London, 1976), 150

II.35 A Declaration of War (p. 226)

II.36 Atrahasis

II.37 Ishtar, Harasser of Men (pp. 281-285) = Groneberg, Lob der Ishtar, pl. I-XXVI

II.38 To a Passer-by (pp. 286-287) = Thureau-Dangin, OLZ 4 (1901), 5 = Messerschmidt-Schroeder, VAS 1 54 (VA 3117); Deimel, Or 6 (1923), 62; Stephens, YOS 9 83; Messerschmidt-Schroeder, VAS 1 54 (VA 3114); Scheil RT 22 (1900), 154-155; LB 22 (unpublished exemplar in the Böhl Collection, Leiden)

II.39 Priestly Abuse of Office (pp. 288-289) = UET 7 155, rev. v; Al-Rawi, Iraq 56 (1994), 136

Babylonian Wisdom Literature

Early Mesopotamian Incantations and Rituals

YOS 11 (Akkadian)

  • YOS 11, 1 (YBC 5620) = Akkadian incantation against the scorpion
  • YOS 11, 2 (YBC 5090) = Akkadian incantation against the scorpion
  • YOS 11, 3 (NBC 8957) = Akkadian incantation against the worm
  • YOS 11, 4 (YBC 4593) = Akkadian ritual with Elamite (?) incantation against the worm, the scorpion, etc.
  • YOS 11, 5 (YBC 4616) = Akkadian incantations against the woman, the sting of fly and scorpion, etc.
  • YOS 11, 6 (NBC 7967) = Akkadian incantation against the fly
  • YOS 11, 7 (YBC 5640) = Akkadian incantation against the sikkatu-disease of sheep
  • YOS 11, 8 (NBC 6321) = Akkadian incantations against various ailments
  • YOS 11, 9 (YBC 5619) = Two abbreviated hybrid incantations
  • YOS 11, 10 (YBC 1970) = Akkadian incantation against several ailments
  • YOS 11, 13 (YBC 9117) = Akkadian incantation of the nam-bur2-bi type
  • YOS 11, 14 (YBC 4599) = reverse: Akkadian incantation against the mashkadu-disease
  • YOS 11, 15 (YBC 4588) = Akkadian incantation and rituals against “trouble”
  • YOS 11, 16 (YBC 5328) = Akkadian incantation against mental and physical suffering
  • YOS 11, 17 (YBC 5630) = Akkadian incantation for a woman in labor
  • YOS 11, 19 (YBC 4601) = Akkadian incantation against Lamashtu (ll. 1-17); Akkadian incantation for binding a snake (ll. 18-23)
  • YOS 11, 20 (YBC 9846) = Akkadian incantation against Lamashtu
  • YOS 11, 21 (YBC 4598) = Fragmentary Akkadian incantation and ritual (ll. 1-12); Akkadian exorcistic incantation (ll. 13-25); Akkadian incantation against a demoness (ll. 26-30); two incantations in an unidentified language concerning “mongoose” and “to heal the heart”
  • YOS 11, 22 (YBC 5023) = Akkadian liturgy for the ritual of the divination-priest
  • YOS 11, 23 (HSM 7494) = Akkadian liturgy of six prayers for the presentation of a sacrificial lamb
  • YOS 11, 24 (YBC 4643) = Akkadian love song for sacred marriage ritual
  • YOS 11, 28 (YBC 4592) = Akkadian medical treatment of “feverish mouth”
  • YOS 11, 29 (YBC 4597) = Akkadian medical text dealing with five ailments
  • YOS 11, 74 (MLC 1301) = Bilingual incantation agains the samanu-disease
  • YOS 11, 75 (YBC 9884) = Akkadian incantation and ritual for alleviating a bad dream
  • YOS 11, 77 (YBC 9898) = Fragmentary incantation (ll. 1-9); Akkadian incantation against mental and physical suffering (ll. 10-15); Sumerian incantation (ll. 16-26)
  • YOS 11, 86 (YBC 4603) = Akkadian incantation for a woman in labor (ll. 1-28)
  • YOS 11, 92 (YBC 8712) = Akkadian incantation against the ardat lilim
  • YOS 11, 94 (MLC 1691) = Sumerian-Akkadian bilingual incantation against the approach of an evil man
  • YOS 11, 95 (YBC 3537) = Sumerian-Akkadian bilingual of uncertain type
  • YOS 11, 96 (NBC 6151) = Akkadian ritual for quieting children
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